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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the pediatric patients admitted to King Abdulaziz Medical City following injuries (2001–2018)

From: The associations between injury mechanism and extended hospital stay among pediatric patients: findings from a trauma Center in Saudi Arabia

Variable Short LOS
n = 4589
Extended LOS
n = 774
Total
n = 5563
P value
Age (years)
 0–8 2298 (48.0%) 276 (35.6%) 2574 (46.3%) < 0.001*
 9–13 832 (17.7%) 140 (18.1%) 927 (17.5%)  
 14–18 1659 (34.6%) 358 (46.25%) 2017 (36.3%)  
Gender
 Male 3681 (76.9%) 588 (76.1%) 4269 (75.8) 0.58*
 Female 1108 (23.1%) 186 (24.0%) 1294 (23.26)  
Transportation mode
 Ambulance 1382 (28.9%) 554 (71.6%) 1936 (34.8%) < 0.001*
 Private car 3382 (70.6%) 219 (28.3%) 3601 (64.7%)  
 Other 25 (0.5%) 1 (0.1%) 26 (0.5%)  
Injury mechanism
 Burns 572 (12.0) 159 (20.5%) 731 (13.1%) < 0.001*
 Drowning 135 (2.8%) 12 (1.5%) 147 (2.6%)  
 Falls 1718 (35.9%) 33 (4.3%) 1751 (31.5%)  
 MVCs 1209 (25.2%) 377 (48.7%) 1586 (28.5%)  
 Motorcycle crashes 226 (4.7%) 31 (4.0%) 257 (4.6%)  
 Pedestrian 716 (15.0%) 147 (19.0%) 863 (15.5%)  
 Intentional injuries 213 (4.4%) 15 (1.94%) 228 (4.1%)  
Surgery
 Yes 812(17.0%) 158 (20.4%) 970 (17.4%) 0.02*
 No 3977 (83.0%) 606 (79.6%) 4593 (82.6%)  
 ICU admission
 Yes 1102 (23.0%) 581 (75.0%) 1682 (30.2%) < 0.001*
 No 3687 (77.0%) 194 (25.1%) 3881 (69.8%)  
Trauma team activation
 Yes 373 (7.8%) 198 (25.6%) 571 (10.3%) < 0.001*
 No 4416 (92.2%) 576 (74.4%) 4992 (90.0%)  
Head injury
 Yes 424 (9.1%) 64 (8.3%) 488 (8.9%) 0.47
 No 4255 (90.9%) 710 (91.7%) 4965 (91.0%)  
 ISSa 6.8 ± 7.5 15.4 ± 9.5 8.0 ± 8.4 < 0.001
 GCS scorea 14.0 ± 2.7 10.4 ± 4.7 13.4 ± 3.3 < 0.001
 RTSa 11.0 ± 2.6 9.9 ± 2.7 10.8 ± 2.7 < 0.001
  1. LOS Length of stay, MVC Motor vehicle crash, ICU Intensive care unit, ISS Injury Severity Score, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, RTS Revised Trauma Score
  2. aRepresented by the mean ± standard deviation
  3. *Chi-squared test
  4. ″t test
  5. P values in bold are significant
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