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Table 6 Predictors of low head circumference (HC) at 12th month (n = 190) using multivariable logistic regression analysis

From: Low head circumference during early childhood and its predictors in a semi-urban settlement of Vellore, Southern India

Predictor β-coefficient (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
Birth weight < 2.5 kg 0.491 (−0.344 to 1.325) 1.633 (0.709 to 3.764) 0.249
≥2.5 kg
WAMI (6th month) <33rd centile 0.444 (−0.306 to 1.195) 1.560 (0.736 to 3.307) 0.246
≥33rd centile
Low paternal HCa −0.308 (−0.544 to − 0.073) 0.734 (0.581 to 0.930) 0.01
Paternal BMI Low 0.033 (−1.079 to 1.147) 1.034 (0.340 to 3.149) 0.952
Normal
Low maternal HCa −0.275 (− 0.504 to − 0.046) 0.759 (0.604 to 0.954) 0.018
Maternal BMI Low 0.110 (−0.727 to 0.947) 1.116 (0.483 to 2.579) 0.797
Normal
Maternal IQ <33rd centile −0.665 (−1.375 to 0.044) 0.514 (0.253 to 1.046) 0.066
≥33rd centile
Exclusive breast feeding < 4 months 1.187 (−0.107 to 2.483 3.279 (0.898 to 11.977) 0.072
≥4 months
Serum Zinc level (μg/dL) Low 0.441(−0.194 to 1.078) 1.556 (0.823 to 2.939) 0.173
Normal
  1. aHC was used as a continuous variable for regression analysis
  2. data in bold represents p-value <0.05