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Table 2 The relationship between SES and initiation of breastfeeding (N = 2938)

From: Socioeconomic status and breastfeeding in China: an analysis of data from a longitudinal nationwide household survey

Variables AOR * 95% CI p
Household Income per capita (RMB) 0.93 0.82–1.04 0.210
ISEI score for mother’s occupation
 16–32/unemployment (Ref) 1.00   
 33–43 0.92 0.60–1.40 0.690
 44–58 0.93 0.55–1.57 0.785
 59–90 1.09 0.52–2.30 0.816
ISEI score for father’s occupation
 16–32/unemployment (Ref) 1.00   
 33–43 0.96 0.66–1.39 0.836
 44–58 1.22 0.70–2.11 0.480
 59–90 0.61 0.34–1.10 0.103
Mother’s educational status
 Middle school and below (Ref) 1.00   
 High school or above 1.10 0.77–1.55 0.608
Father’s educational status
 Middle school and below (Ref) 1.00   
 High school or above 1.18 0.86–1.62 0.289
  1. (1) AOR denotes the adjusted odds ratio from logistic regression. The other control variable included: household characteristics (residence, residential regions), parental characteristics (age, mother’s marital status, and parity), and infant characteristics (gender, birth weight, gestational age, place of delivery, ethnicity, and birth year). (2) The ISEI score refers to occupational status, with higher values indicating higher occupational status