Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of mean score of pre- and post-intervention

From: Impact of a standardized protocol for the Management of Prolonged Neonatal Jaundice in a regional setting: an interventional quasi-experimental study

Management of prolonged neonatal jaundice Mean (SD) p value*
Pre (n = 199 cases) Post (n = 145 cases)
Postnatal age upon referral (day) 16.54 (± 5.46) 20.01 (±11.14) p = 0.001
Days taken to be seen at hospital level after referral (days) 20.9 (±11.38) 21.5 (±9.69) p = 0.617
Clinical Assessment
5 important points in patient history taking (score)a 3.26 (±1.58) 4.44 (±0.92) p < 0.001
4 important points in family history taking (score)b 0.53 (±1.10) 2.14 (±1.89) p < 0.001
5 important points in physical examinations (score)c 3.78 (±1.50) 4.49 (±1.00) p < 0.001
Number of lab investigations done before referral to the hospital 2.22 (±2.09) 1.57 (±1.68) p = 0.020
Total number of laboratory investigations done per patient at the hospital level 9.01 (±2.99) 5.81 (±3.12) p < 0.001
Total number of visits per patient from the time of referral to discharge 2.46 (±1.27) 2.20 (±0.92) p = 0.040
Warning sign givend NA 75.2% NA
  1. *Student T-test was used to compare mean score of managing PNNJ pre and post implementation of new protocol
  2. aPatient history referring to feeding method, self-reported stool colour, urine colour, weight gain, neonatal jaundice (before day 14 of life)
  3. bFamily history referring to family history of blood disorders, severe/obstructive jaundice, renal problem, congenital hypothyroidism
  4. cPhysical examination referring to general appearance of the baby, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal/ organomegaly and central nervous system
  5. dWarning sign referring to unwell baby/ pale stool dark yellow urine/ new onset of jaundice/ persistent jaundice > 2 months