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Table 4 Associations between key characteristics and abnormal findings in Indigenous children aged 6–59 months

From: Anemia in disadvantaged children aged under five years; quality of care in primary practice

  Total number Evidence of anaemia
n n (%) OR (95% CI) P value aOR (95% CI)a P value
Total 1472 452 (30.7%)     
Child characteristics
 Age of child
  6-11 m 195 78 (40.0%) 2.28 (1.62, 3.21) < 0.001 2.36 (1.65, 3.39) < 0.001
  12-23 m 381 162 (42.5%) 2.62 (2.04, 3.35) < 0.001 2.64 (2.07, 3.38) < 0.001
  24-59 m 896 212 (23.7%) 1.00   1.00  
 Sex of child
  Male 748 225 (30.1%) 1.00   1.00  
  Female 724 227 (31.4%) 0.99 (0.79, 1.25) 0.949 1.01 (0.79, 1.28) 0.955
 Reason for last clinic attendance
  Acute care 750 236 (31.5%) 1.13 (0.86, 1.50) 0.380 1.13 (0.84, 1.53) 0.405
  Immunisation 140 39 (27.9%) 0.93 (0.57, 1.52) 0.773 0.87 (0.52, 1.44) 0.590
  Child health check 341 87 (25.5%) 1.00   1.00  
  Other 241 90 (37.3%) 1.29 (0.86, 1.95) 0.223 1.42 (0.92, 2.20) 0.114
Health service characteristics
 Geographic location
  Remote 1343 406 (30.2%) 1.00   1.00  
  Non remote 129 46 (35.7%) 1.29 (0.68, 2.45) 0.435 0.90 (0.38, 2.12) 0.805
 Number of audit rounds completed
  1 215 82 (38.1%) 1.00   1.00  
  2 400 145 (36.3%) 0.93 (0.50, 1.75) 0.832 0.80 (0.44, 1.44) 0.448
  ≥ 3 857 225 (26.3%) 0.54 (0.31, 0.93) 0.026 0.47 (0.28, 0.78) 0.003
 Governance
  Aboriginal community controlled health service 233 92 (39.5%) 1.58 (1.03, 2.44) 0.037 1.68 (1.00, 2.83) 0.052
  Government health service 1239 360 (29.1%) 1.00   1.00  
 Health service provider who first saw the child
  Indigenous health worker 158 39 (24.7%) 0.78 (0.55, 1.10) 0.158 0.80 (0.57, 1.13) 0.201
  Nurse 1087 344 (31.6%) 1.00   1.00  
  General practitioner 133 38 (28.6%) 1.03 (0.71, 1.50) 0.858 0.96 (0.64, 1.43) 0.833
  Other 82 28 (34.1%) 1.19 (0.71, 1.97) 0.511 1.39 (0.80, 2.40) 0.239
  Missing 12 3 (25.0%)     
 Year of data collection
  2012 253 85 (33.6%) 1.00   1.00  
  2013 763 193 (25.3%) 0.65 (0.40, 1.07) 0.091 0.73 (0.43, 1.25) 0.255
  2014 456 174 (38.2%) 1.29 (0.77, 2.18) 0.337 1.33 (0.76, 2.34) 0.315
 Population size
   ≤ 500 564 145 (25.7%) 1.00   1.00  
  501–999 306 96 (31.4%) 1.31 (0.74, 2.32) 0.348 1.57 (0.83, 2.95) 0.165
   ≥ 1000 602 211 (35.1%) 1.56 (1.02, 2.38) 0.040 1.54 (1.02, 2.33) 0.041
  1. OR Odds ratio, aOR Adjusted odds ratio
  2. aAdjusted for age, sex, year of data collection, geographic location, governance, CQI participation