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Table 3 Association between key characteristics and anaemia care in Indigenous children aged 6–59 months

From: Anemia in disadvantaged children aged under five years; quality of care in primary practice

  Total number Number that received composite measure OR (95% CI) P value aORa (95% CI) P value
Total 2096 1127 (53.8%)     
Health service characteristics
 Geographic location
  Remote 1795 1012 (56.4%) 1.00   1.00  
  Non remote 301 115 (38.2%) 0.30 (0.14, 0.62) 0.001 0.34 (0.15, 0.74) 0.006
 CQI participation (number of audits completed)
  1 349 149 (42.7%) 1.00   1.00  
  2 523 253 (48.4%) 1.49 (0.63, 3.50) 0.360 1.06 (0.45, 2.50) 0.899
   ≥ 3 1224 725 (59.2%) 2.27 (1.07, 4.83) 0.033 1.71 (0.81, 3.62) 0.161
 Governance
  Aboriginal community controlled health service 388 194 (50%) 0.81 (0.44, 1.51) 0.511 1.06 (0.56, 2.03) 0.856
  Government health service 1708 933 (54.6%) 1.00   1.00  
 Health service provider who first saw the child
  Indigenous health worker 255 120 (47.1%) 0.83 (0.65, 1.07) 0.158 0.85 (0.65, 1.10) 0.220
  Nurse 1500 822 (54.8%) 1.00   1.00  
  General practitioner 225 118 (52.4%) 1.05 (0.76, 1.45) 0.770 1.11 (0.80, 1.54) 0.519
  Other 99 56(56.6%) 1.02 (0.66, 1.57) 0.943 1.01 (0.65, 1.56) 0.964
  Missing 17 11 (64.7%)     
 Year of data collection
  2012 418 210 (50.2%) 1.00   1.00  
  2013 1114 577 (51.8%) 0.99 (0.51, 1.92) 0.976 0.68 (0.37, 1.25) 0.218
  2014 564 340 (60.3%) 1.33 (0.64, 2.77) 0.445 1.20 (0.62, 2.32) 0.599
 Population size
   ≤ 500 782 390 (49.9%) 1.00   1.00  
  501–999 420 250 (59.5%) 1.41 (0.79, 2.52) 0.243 2.27 (1.22, 4.26) 0.010
   ≥ 1000 894 487 (54.5%) 1.20 (0.74, 1.96) 0.464 2.02 (1.27, 3.20) 0.003
Child characteristics
 Age of child
  6-11 m 391 164 (41.9%) 0.57 (0.41, 0.79) 0.001 0.55 (0.39, 0.78) 0.001
  12-23 m 498 322 (64.7%) 1.60 (1.30, 1.97) < 0.001 1.63 (1.31, 2.03) < 0.001
  24-59 m 1207 641 (53.1%) 1.00   1.00  
 Sex of child
  Male 1055 573 (54.3%) 1.00   1.00  
  Female 1041 554 (53.2%) 0.98 (0.85, 1.13) 0.777 0.98 (0.85, 1.14) 0.827
 Reason for last clinic attendance
  Acute care 1052 553 (52.6%) 0.66 (0.55, 0.79) < 0.001 0.65 (0.54, 0.78) < 0.001
  Immunisation 296 119 (40.2%) 0.63 (0.51, 0.79) < 0.001 0.63 (0.50, 0.79) < 0.001
  Child health check 464 275 (59.3%) 1.00   1.00  
  Other 284 180 (63.4%) 0.83 (0.63, 1.11) 0.206 0.81 (0.61, 1.08) 0.153
  1. OR Odds ratio, aOR Adjusted odds ratio
  2. aAdjusted for age, sex, year of data collection, geographic location, governance, CQI participation