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Table 5 Comparison of the prevalence of CSOM in children in the intervention and control groups at 12 month follow-up using cluster-level summaries and individual-level regression analyses

From: Effect of a participatory intervention in women’s self-help groups for the prevention of chronic suppurative otitis media in their children in Jumla Nepal: a cluster-randomised trial

  Unadjusted analysis Adjusted analysisa
Cluster-level summary analysis
 Mean difference −0.33 0.32
 95% CI −1.41 to 0.75 −0.82 to 1.45
P value 0.53 0.57
Logistic regression unadjusted for clustering
 Odds ratio 1.10 1.12
 95% CI 0.63 to 1.92 0.63 to 1.98
P value 0.75 0.71
Logistic regression with random effects
 Odds ratio 1.07 1.09
 95% CI 0.62 to 1.84 0.63 to 1.89
P-value 0.80 0.76
Generalised estimating equations
 Odds ratio 1.10 1.12
 95% CI 0.62 to 1.92 0.64 to 1.96
P-value 0.75 0.70
  1. aadjusted for VDC and distance from the road