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Table 3 Comparison of women’s KAP scores at 12 month follow-up in the intervention and control groups, using cluster-level summaries and individual-level regression analysis

From: Effect of a participatory intervention in women’s self-help groups for the prevention of chronic suppurative otitis media in their children in Jumla Nepal: a cluster-randomised trial

  Unadjusted analysis Adjusted analysisa
Cluster-level analysis
 Mean difference 0.03 0.06
 95% CI −0.41 to 0.47 0.41 to 0.30
P value 0.88 0.75
Linear regression unadjusted for clustering
 Mean difference −0.14 − 0.15
 95% CI −0.39 to 0.10 − 0.39 to 0.09
P value 0.26 0.23
Mixed effects linear regression
 Mean difference 0.12 0.14
 95% CI −0.36 to 0.61 −0.28 to 0.56
P value 0.61 0.49
Generalised estimating equations
 Mean difference 0.14 0.15
 95% CI −0.10 to 0.38 −0.09 to 0.38
P value 0.25 0.21
  1. aadjusted for VDC and distance from the road