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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women and children

From: Effect of a participatory intervention in women’s self-help groups for the prevention of chronic suppurative otitis media in their children in Jumla Nepal: a cluster-randomised trial

  Intervention Control Total
Number of women (%)* 269 (53) 239 (47) 508
Number of clusters 15 15 30
Cluster size (mean, SD) 17.9 (2.3) 15.9 (3.3) 16.9 (3.0)
Age of women (mean, SD) 33.8 (11.5) 34.9 (11.0) 34.3 (11.3)
Number of children per woman (mean, SD) 3.3 (2.3) 3.5 (1.6) 3.4 (1.6)
Women’s caste (%)
 Dalit 115 (42.8) 58 (24.3) 173 (34.1)
 Brahman/Chhetri 154 (57.2) 181 (75.7) 335 (65.9)
Household size (mean, SD) 6.1 (2.6) 6.1 (2.6) 6.1 (2.6
Area household land in halsϮ (mean, SD) 3.3 (2.3) 3.6 (3.5) 3.4 (3.0)
Number of household cattle and buffalo (mean, SD) 3.6 (2.5) 3.8 (2.9) 3.7 (2.7)
Any smoking inside the house (%) 151 (56.1) 120 (50.2) 271 (47.1)
Highest education level women (%)
 None 232 (86.2) 205 (85.8) 437 (86)
 Some primary 21 (7.8) 15 (6.3) 36 (7.1)
 Some secondary 16 (5.8) 19 (7.9) 35 (6.9)
Highest education level husband (%)
 None 149 (55.4) 119 (49.8) 268 (52.8)
 Some primary 46 (17.1) 55 (23) 101 (19.9)
 Some secondary 74 (27.5) 65 (27.3) 139 (27.4)
Any antenatal care last pregnancy (%) 238 (88.5) 220 (92.1) 458 (90.2)
Location of last birth (%)
 In the cowshed 72 (26.8) 71 (29.7) 143 (28.1)
 Inside the house 126 (46.9) 113 (47.3) 239 (47.1)
 At a health facility 62 (23.1) 49 (20.5) 111 (21.8)
Ever taken a child to traditional healer (%) 124 (46.1) 109 (45.6) 233 (45.9)
Number of participant children (%)
 Total 473 (50.5) 464 (49.5) 937
 Girls 241 (51) 229.(49.4) 470 (49.8)
 Boys 232 (49) 235 (50.6) 467 (50.2)
Age of children (mean, SD) 6.5 (3.5) 6.5 (3.5) 6.5 (3.5)
Children’s anthropometry (mean, SD)
 Weight of children in kg 17.31 (6.95) 17.72 (7.19) 17.51 (7.07)
 Weight-for-age z-score −1.86 (1.07) −1.88 (1.04) −1.9 (1.05)
 Height of children in cm 106.47 (21.21) 108.03 (21.95) 107.22 (21.57)
 Height-for-age z-score −2.05 (1.36) −1.97 (1.28) −2.0 (1.33)
Children’s ear examination (%)
 Any CSOM 53 (11.2) 53 (11.4) 106 (11.3)
 Any acute otitis media 5 (1.1) 13 (2.8) 18 (1.9)
 Any dullness or retraction eardrum 37 (7.8) 67 (14.4) 104 (11.2)
  1. *Data are number (%) or mean (SD) as indicated