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Table 4 Medflex counter factual mediation analysis for unintentional injuries risk ratios comparing highest versus lowest income quintiles

From: Understanding pathways to social inequalities in childhood unintentional injuries: findings from the UK millennium cohort study

Models Effect RR 95% Lower CI 95% Upper CI Proportion mediated
MODEL 1: Environmental safety natural direct effect 1.17 1.01 1.37 9.80%
natural indirect effect 1.02 0.94 1.09
total effect 1.19 1.05 1.36
MODEL 2: Child supervision natural direct effect 1.17 1.04 1.33 12.7%
natural indirect effect 1.02 1.00 1.04
total effect 1.20 1.05 1.36
MODEL 3: Child’s ability and behaviours natural direct effect 1.15 1.01 1.30 26.3%
natural indirect effect 1.05 1.02 1.07
total effect 1.20 1.05 1.36
MODEL 4: All three above domains natural direct effect 1.14 0.98 1.32 31.6%
natural indirect effect 1.06 0.98 1.14
total effect 1.20 1.05 1.37