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Table 3 Summery of included studies which reported the relationship of pediatric blood pressure and smoking

From: Effect of passive exposure to cigarette smoke on blood pressure in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies

Author, year; country Type of survey Study type Total sample Sexa Age Type of BP Smoking definition Type of exposer BP measurements method
Belfort, 2012; USA [43] Local Cohort 694 NR 6.5 SBP Smoking during pregnancy Pregnancy Three times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Blake, 2000; Australia [44] Regional Cohort 702 NR 6 SBP Smoking at 18 weeks gestation Pregnancy Two times measurement of BP using a semi-automatic oscillometric device
Brambilla, 2015; Italy [45] National Cross-section 1294 NR 7 to 13 SBP and DBP NR Passive (domestic) Three times measurement of BP using a manual sphygmomanometer device
Brion, 2007; UK [46] Local Cohort 6509 3281 7.7 SBP and DBP Smoking at 18 weeks gestation Pregnancy Two times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Byeon, 2007; South Korea [47] Local Cross-section 127 82 10 to 13 SBP and DBP Current smoking Active Three times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Garoufi, 2017; Greece [48] Local Cross-section 736 366 12 to 18 SBP and DBP Smoking for at least 1 month Active Three times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Giussani, 2013; Italy [34] Regional Cross-section 1310 682 5 to 14 SBP Having one parent with smoking habit Passive (domestic) Two times measurement of BP using a aneroid sphygmomanometer device
Hogberg, 2012; Sweden [49] National Cohort 92,730 92,730 17 to 19 SBP and DBP At least 1 cigarette per day Pregnancy Single measurement of BP using automatic and manual sphygmomanometer devices
Katona, 2010; Hungary [50] Local Cross-section 10,194 5163 16.6 SBP and DBP NR Active Three times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Kollias, 2009; Greece [51] Local Cross-section 1008 480 12 to 17 SBP and DBP At least 1 cigarette per day Active Three times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Lawlor, 2004; Australia [52] Local Cohort 3864 NR 5 SBP Smoking at 18 weeks gestation Pregnancy Two times measurement of BP using an digital sphygmomanometer device
Oken, 2005; USA [53] Local Cohort 746 373 3 SBP Current smoking Pregnancy Up to 5 times measurement of BP using an automatic oscillometric device
Rostand, 2005; USA [54] Local Cross-section 262 149 5 SBP NR Pregnancy Single measurement of BP using a mercury sphygmomanometer device
Simonetti, 2011; Germany [42] National Cross-section 4236 2181 4 to 7.5 SBP and DBP Current smoking Pregnancy and domestic Three times measurement of BP using an auscultatory aneroid sphygmomanometry device
van den Berg, 2013; Netherland [41] Local Cohort 3024 1521 5 to 6 SBP and DBP NR Pregnancy and domestic Two or three times measurement of BP using an automatic sphygmomanometer device
Wen, 2011; USA [55] National Cohort 30,441 15,031 7 SBP At least 1 cigarette per day Pregnancy Two times measurement of BP using a digital oscillometric device
Yang, 2013; Canada [56] National Cohort 13,889 7173 6.5 SBP and DBP At least 1 cigarette per day Pregnancy and domestic Single measurement of BP using a manual sphygmomanometer device
  1. aMale sex (number of children); BP Blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, NA Not applicable; NR Not reported, SBP Systolic blood pressure