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Table 4 The association between disease severity and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP) based upon multivariate linear regression analysis with sequential adjustments to covariates age, sex, parental education and migrant background

From: Measuring social participation in children with chronic health conditions: validation and reference values of the child and adolescent scale of participation (CASP) in the German context

  Model 1 β (SE) Model 2 β (SE) Model 3 β (SE) Model 4 β (SE)
Mild chronic health condition1 −4.08*** (1.20) −3.96** (1.19) −3.61** (1.17) −3.40** (1.18)
Severe chronic health condition1 − 30.16*** (1.89) −29.88*** (1.89) −29.50*** (1.85) − 28.65*** (1.92)
Age (years) 0.49 (0.45) 0.49 (0.45) 0.53 (0.44) 0.44 (0.44)
Female2   1.86 (1.10) 1.65 (1.08) 1.48 (1.08)
Medium parental education3    7.59 (3.09) 6.20 (3.20)
High parental education3    10.82*** (3.04) 9.27** (3.18)
Migrant background4     −2.48 (1.54)
N 277 277 277 277
R2 0.50 0.50 0.53 0.54
  1. 1reference category: without chronic health condition; 2reference category: male; 3reference category: low educational level; 4reference category: no migrant background; † p < .05; ** p < .01; ***p < .001 SE standard error
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