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Table 1 Description of study population by sample

From: Measuring social participation in children with chronic health conditions: validation and reference values of the child and adolescent scale of participation (CASP) in the German context

   Clinical sample 1 Clinical sample 2 Population-based sample Total sample
N (%) 84 (25.69) 28 (8.56) 215 (65.75) 327 (100.00)
n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values
Age (years)   6.21*** (1.94) 8.31*** (2.38) 7.27*** (0.32) 7.08 (1.36)
Sex female 24** (28.57) 10** (35.71) 110** (51.16) 144 (44.04)
Migrant background yes 40*** (47.62) 18 (21.43) 3*** (10.71) 8 (28.57) 16*** (7.44) 8 (3.72) 59 (18.04) 34 (10.40)
Parental education high 39*** (46.43) 5 (5.95) 4*** (14.29) 1 (3.57) 137*** (63.72) 4 (1.86) 180 (55.05) 10 (3.06)
medium 36*** (42.86) 22*** (78.57) 68*** (31.63) 126 (38.53)
low 4*** (4.76) 1*** (3.57) 6*** (2.79) 11 (3.36)
CASP   75.58*** (19.56) 91.70*** (9.32) 98.16*** (5.80) 91.80 (14.87)
HrQoL   73.77*** (9.81) 10 (11.90) 71.31*** (13.48) 83.30*** (8.02) 3 (1.40) 79.99 (10.24) 13 (3.98)
  1. CASP Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation, HrQoL Health related Quality of Life, SD Standard deviation; *Age-adjusted values; † p < .05;
  2. ** p < .01; *** p < .001
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