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Table 2 Prevalence of Anaemia and Associated Factors among Children Under-Five Years (TDHS-MIS, 2015-16)

From: Does education offset the effect of maternal disadvantage on childhood anaemia in Tanzania? Evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

Socio-Demographic Characteristics % with any Anaemia Anaemia severity  
% with mild /moderate Anaemia % with Severe Anaemia p-value
Mother’s Age Group
 15–24 64.0 61.9 2.2 0.000
 25–34 57.7 56.1 1.7
 35–49 54.4 53.1 1.3
Marital Status
 Not Married 64.7 63.7 1.0 0.182
 Currently Married 58.2 56.4 1.8
 Formerly Married 59.5 57.7 1.7
Educational Attainment
 No Education 66.4 63.8 2.7 0.000
 Primary 56.7 55.2 1.5
 Secondary+ 55.2 54.1 1.1
Employment Status
 Not Working 63.5 61.1 2.4 0.001
 Currently Working 57.4 55.9 1.6
 Number of Siblings 3 3 3 0.581
 Place of Residence     0.000
 Mainland - Urban 54.4 53.4 1.1 0.000
 Mainland - Rural 59.8 57.8 2.0
 Zanzibar - Urban 63.9 63.6 0.3
 Zanzibar - Rural 67.0 66.1 0.9
Wealth Status
 Poorest 63.8 61.4 2.3 0.000
 Poorer 61.2 58.5 2.7
 Middle 59.8 59.0 0.8
 Richer 53.4 52.1 1.3
 Richest 51.6 50.6 1.0
Health Insurance
 No Health Insurance 59.5 57.7 1.8 0.000
 Health Insurance 48.0 47.4 0.6
Mother’s BMI
 Under Weight 61.2 58.1 3.1 0.000
 Normal 61.4 59.5 1.9
 Overweight 51.2 50.2 0.9
 Severe Obesity 43.2 42.2 0.9
Birth Type
 Single 58.6 56.9 1.7 0.181
 Multiple 60.8 57.2 3.6
Child’s Sex
 Male 60.2 58.4 1.9 0.025
 Female 57.0 55.4 1.5
Child’s Age
 6–23 months 75.3 72.5 2.8 0.000
 24–47 months 50.8 49.7 1.1
 48–59 months 42.3 41.5 0.8
Child’s BMI
 Low 68.4 64.4 4.0 0.000
 Normal 57.2 55.5 1.7
 Overweight 62.1 60.7 1.5
 Obese 62.4 61.0 1.3
 Sample 4612 (58.6%) 4493 (56.9%) 119 (1.7%)