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Table 2 Mean OSCE scores and standard deviations in initial and modified training groups – immediately after training and 4–6 weeks after training

From: Structured on-the-job training to improve retention of newborn resuscitation skills: a national cohort Helping Babies Breathe study in Tanzania

  Initial training group Modified training group P-value***
Immediately post-training 4–6 weeks post-training P-value* Immediately post-training 4–6 weeks post-training P-value**
Overall scores
 All 80.5 (79.8–81.2) 70.7 (69.9–71.5) < 0.01 81.3 (80.7–81.9) 77.6 (77.0–78.3) < 0.01 0.07
 Nurses / midwives 82.7 (81.7–83.7) 74.9 (73.8–76.0) < 0.01 84.8 (84.0–85.5) 80.7 (79.8–81.5) < 0.01 < 0.01
 Medical attendants 76.6 (75.4–77.9) 65.1 (63.7–66.5) < 0.01 74.2 (73.0–75.3) 72.5 (71.3–73.8) 0.02 < 0.01
 Other clinicians 82.5 (80.9–84.1) 70.7 (68.7–72.7) < 0.01 83.9 (82.5–85.2) 77.7 (76.0–79.3) < 0.01 0.19
Suctioning
 All 86.8 (85.7–87.9) 75.4 (74.0–76.8) < 0.01 89.4 (88.5–90.3) 84.9 (83.9–85.9) < 0.01 < 0.01
 Nurses / midwives 88.8 (87.3–90.3) 80.2 (78.3–82.0) < 0.01 91.8 (90.7–92.9) 87.5 (86.2–88.8) < 0.01 < 0.01
 Medical attendants 84.3 (82.3–86.3) 70.1 (67.7–72.6) < 0.01 84.5 (82.7–86.4) 81.3 (79.3–83.3) < 0.01 0.87
 Other clinicians 86.8 (84.2–89.5) 73.4 (70.0–76.8) < 0.01 91.0 (89.0–93.0) 83.4 (80.8–86.0) < 0.01 0.01
Stimulation
 All 66.0 (64.4–67.5) 51.8 (50.1–53.4) < 0.01 70.3 (69.0–71.6) 60.0 (58.6–71.6) < 0.01 < 0.01
 Nurses / midwives 68.3 (66.0–70.5) 56.7 (54.3–59.1) < 0.01 74.5 (72.8–76.2) 64.8 (63.0–66.7) < 0.01 < 0.01
 Medical attendants 61.1 (58.4–63.7) 44.7 (42.0–47.5) < 0.01 60.7 (58.2–63.2) 52.5 (50.0–55.1) < 0.01 0.86
 Other clinicians 69.7 (66.1–73.3) 52.9 (49.0–56.8) < 0.01 74.7 (71.7–77.8) 58.9 (55.5–62.3) < 0.01 0.04
Bag-mask ventilation
 All 85.4 (84.6–86.3) 79.2 (78.2–80.2) < 0.01 83.1 (82.4–83.9) 83.8 (83.1–84.6) 0.91 < 0.01
 Nurses / midwives 87.7 (86.6–88.8) 82.7 (81.4–84.0) < 0.01 86.9 (85.8–87.6) 86.1 (85.0–87.1) 0.17 0.15
 Medical attendants 81.4 (79.9–82.9) 74.3 (72.4–76.1) < 0.01 76.1 (74.5–77.6) 79.3 (77.7–80.8) 1.00 < 0.01
 Other clinicians 87.5 (85.7–89.3) 79.7 (77.3–82.2) < 0.01 85.1 (83.3–86.8) 85.5 (83.6–87.3) 0.62 0.06
  1. *P-value: Comparison of scores immediately post-training and 4–6 weeks post-training among initial training group
  2. **P-value: Comparison of scores immediately post-training and 4–6 weeks post-training among modified training group
  3. ***P-value: Comparison of immediately post-training scores among the initial training and modified training groups