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Table 6 Risk factors of mortality among children with blood stream infections

From: Deciphering risk factors for blood stream infections, bacteria species and antimicrobial resistance profiles among children under five years of age in North-Western Tanzania: a multicentre study in a cascade of referral health care system

Variable

 

Deaths (n, %)

Univariate OR (95%CI)

p-value

Multivariate OR (95%CI)

p-value

Hospital

NDH & SDDH (217)

2 (0.9)

1

   

SRRH (203)

0 (0.0)

 

 

BMC (512)

59 (11.5)

14.0 (3.39–57.84)

< 0.001

4.95 (1.95–12.5)

0.001

Sex

Boys (548)

43 (7.9)

1

   

Girls (384)

18 (4.7)

0.58 (0.33–1.02)

0.058

  

Age category

13–60 months (386)

9 (2.3)

1

   

2–12 months (203)

7 (3.5)

1.50 (0.55–4.08)

0.431

1.32 (0.48–3.66)

0.592

≤1 month (343)

45 (13.1)

6.33 (3.04–13.15)

< 0.001

2.25 (1.02–5.00)

0.045

Residence

Rural (308)

17 (5.5)

1

   

Urban (624)

44 (7.1)

1.30 (0.73–2.31)

0.375

  

Mwanza city

No (307)

18 (5.86)

1

   

Yes (625)

43 (6.88)

1.19 (0.67–2.09)

0.556

  

Co-morbidities

No (549)

35 (6.4)

1

   

Yes (383)

26 (6.8)

1.07 (0.63–1.81)

0.802

  

Prematurity

No (883)

51 (5.8)

1

   

Yes (49)

10 (20.4)

4.18 (1.98–8.86)

< 0.001

1.70 (0.77–3.73)

0.186

Culture

Negative (799)

41 (5.1)

1

   

Positive (133)

20 (15.0)

3.27 (1.85–5.79)

< 0.001

1.95 (1.07–3.56)

0.028

3rd gen. Ceph-R

No (18)

3 (16.7)

1

   

Yes (75)

14 (18.7)

1.15 (0.29–4.51)

0.844

  

MDR

No (29)

3 (10.3)

1

   

Yes (104)

17 (16.4)

1.69 (0.46–6.23)

0.428

  
  1. BMC Bugando Medical Center, SRRH Sekou Toure Regional Referral Hospital, NDH Nyamagana District Hospital, SDDH Sengerema District Designated Hospital; 3rd gen. Ceph-R Third generation cephalosporin resistance, MDR Multi-drug resistance