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Table 6 Risk factors of mortality among children with blood stream infections

From: Deciphering risk factors for blood stream infections, bacteria species and antimicrobial resistance profiles among children under five years of age in North-Western Tanzania: a multicentre study in a cascade of referral health care system

Variable   Deaths (n, %) Univariate OR (95%CI) p-value Multivariate OR (95%CI) p-value
Hospital NDH & SDDH (217) 2 (0.9) 1    
SRRH (203) 0 (0.0)   
BMC (512) 59 (11.5) 14.0 (3.39–57.84) < 0.001 4.95 (1.95–12.5) 0.001
Sex Boys (548) 43 (7.9) 1    
Girls (384) 18 (4.7) 0.58 (0.33–1.02) 0.058   
Age category 13–60 months (386) 9 (2.3) 1    
2–12 months (203) 7 (3.5) 1.50 (0.55–4.08) 0.431 1.32 (0.48–3.66) 0.592
≤1 month (343) 45 (13.1) 6.33 (3.04–13.15) < 0.001 2.25 (1.02–5.00) 0.045
Residence Rural (308) 17 (5.5) 1    
Urban (624) 44 (7.1) 1.30 (0.73–2.31) 0.375   
Mwanza city No (307) 18 (5.86) 1    
Yes (625) 43 (6.88) 1.19 (0.67–2.09) 0.556   
Co-morbidities No (549) 35 (6.4) 1    
Yes (383) 26 (6.8) 1.07 (0.63–1.81) 0.802   
Prematurity No (883) 51 (5.8) 1    
Yes (49) 10 (20.4) 4.18 (1.98–8.86) < 0.001 1.70 (0.77–3.73) 0.186
Culture Negative (799) 41 (5.1) 1    
Positive (133) 20 (15.0) 3.27 (1.85–5.79) < 0.001 1.95 (1.07–3.56) 0.028
3rd gen. Ceph-R No (18) 3 (16.7) 1    
Yes (75) 14 (18.7) 1.15 (0.29–4.51) 0.844   
MDR No (29) 3 (10.3) 1    
Yes (104) 17 (16.4) 1.69 (0.46–6.23) 0.428   
  1. BMC Bugando Medical Center, SRRH Sekou Toure Regional Referral Hospital, NDH Nyamagana District Hospital, SDDH Sengerema District Designated Hospital; 3rd gen. Ceph-R Third generation cephalosporin resistance, MDR Multi-drug resistance