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Table 2 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of children

From: Deciphering risk factors for blood stream infections, bacteria species and antimicrobial resistance profiles among children under five years of age in North-Western Tanzania: a multicentre study in a cascade of referral health care system

Characteristic   Number (%)
Sex Boys 558 (58.7)
Girls 392 (41.3)
Age group ≤ 1 month 346 (36.4)
2–12 months 209 (22.0)
13–60 months 395 (41.6)
Weight (kg)a Normal 539 (56.7)
Underweight 373 (39.3)
Overweight 38 (4.0)
Residence Rural 315 (33.2)
Urban 635 (66.8)
Mwanza city No 313 (33.0)
Yes 637 (67.0)
Current antibiotic use No 545 (57.4)
Yes 405 (42.6)
History of admission in the last 3 monthsb No 525 (86.9)
Yes 79 (13.1)
Presence of i/v line No 254 (26.7)
Yes 696 (73.3)
Presence of indwelling urinary catheter No 930 (97.9)
Yes 20 (2.1)
Co-morbiditiesc No 558 (58.7)
Yes 392 (41.3)
Presenting symptoms and signs
 Fever Yes 819 (86.2)
 Tachypnoea Yes 235 (24.7)
 Tachycardia Yes 186 (19.6)
 Convulsions Yes 123 (13.0)
 Loss of consciousness Yes 14 (1.5)
  1. a Weight adjusted to age; b Non neonates; c Malnutrition (n = 105), Respiratory tract infections (n = 86), Prematurity (n = 50), Congenital anomalies (n = 36: congenital heart diseases, neural tube defects, hydrocephalus and others), Anemia (n = 31), Sickle cell disease (n = 26), HIV (n = 19), Skin and soft tissue infections (n = 8); Necrotizing enterocolitis (n = 3); Amoebiasis (n = 2); Burn injury (n = 2); Rheumatic heart diseases (n = 2); Cerebral malaria (n = 1); Spinal injury (n = 1); Malnutrition and HIV (n = 17); Malnutrition and sickle cell disease (n = 3); Premature and HIV (n = 1)