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Table 3 Risk of adverse neuro-developmental outcomes in children < 10 years of age born with low birth weight compared to those born with normal birth weight

From: Cognitive and motor outcomes in children born low birth weight: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies from South Asia

Outcomes No. of studies No. of subjects Age range Pooled RR (95% CI) I 2 Statistic
Low cognitive scorea 4 584 < 10 years 2.69 (1.34, 5.39) 12.7%
Motor impairmentb 3 312 < 10 years 3.32 (1.56, 7.06) 0.0%
Developmental delayc 3 693 ≤3 years 1.97 (1.41, 2.73) 69.3%
  1. aDefined as mental quotient of < 85 or IQ score ≤ 25th percentile
  2. bdefined as either presence of signs of motor dysfunction on clinical examination or motor quotient of < 85
  3. cdefined as developmental quotient of < 60 on developmental screening tools and/or presence of visual/hearing/speech difficulties