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Table 4 Activity outcomes after video game intervention

From: Do video game interventions improve motor outcomes in children with developmental coordination disorder? A systematic review using the ICF framework

Author Control or Comparison group Experimental group Outcome measure Experiment improvement? Effect over control?
N Intervention N Video game intervention
Level 2: MABC-2
 Bonney et al. [36] 22 Task-oriented Training 21 Nintendo Wii Total score No diff
     Manual dexterity sub-score No diff
     Balance sub-score No diff
     Aiming and catching sub-score
 Bonney et al. [38]e 57 Nintendo Wii Total score N/A
     Manual dexterity sub-score N/A
     Balance sub-score N/A
     Balance item N/A
     Aiming and catching sub-score N/A
 Ju et al. [45] 12 No intervention 12 Nintendo Wii Balance sub-score
 Mombarg et al. [46] 14 No intervention 15 Nintendo Wii Balance sub-score
     Balance items c No diff
 Straker et al. [49] 21 No intervention 21 PlayStation3 Move and Eye Total score NR No diff
    Xbox 360 Kinect Manual dexterity sub-score NR No diff
     Balance sub-score NR No diff
     Aiming and catching sub-score NR No diff
Level 3: MABC-2
 Ferguson et al. [40] 27 Neuromotor training 19 Nintendo Wii Total score a
     Manual dexterity sub-score a
     Balance sub-score a
     Aiming and catching sub-score No diff
 Jelsma et al. [43] 14 No intervention 28b Nintendo Wii Total score
     Manual dexterity sub-score NR
     Balance sub-score
     Aiming and catching sub-score NR
 Smits-Engelsman et al. [48]e 17 Nintendo Wii Balance items N/A
Level 2: BOT-2
 Bonney et al. [36] 22 Task-oriented Training 21 Nintendo Wii Running and agility sub-score No diff
 Bonney et al. [38]e 57 Nintendo Wii Balance sub-score N/A
     Running and agility sub-score N/A
 Hammond et al. [41] 18 School-run motor skills 18 Nintendo Wii Total score
     Fine precision sub-score NR NR
     Fine integration sub-score NR NR
     Manual dexterity sub-score NR NR
     Coordination sub-score NR NR
     Balance sub-score NR NR
     Running and agility sub-score NR NR
     Upper coordination sub-score NR NR
     Strength sub-score NR NR
 Mombarg et al. [46] 14 No intervention 15 Nintendo Wii Balance sub-score
     Balance items d d
     Running and agility sub-score No diff
     Running and agility items NR NR
Level 3: BOT-2
 Jelsma et al. [43] 14 No intervention 28b Nintendo Wii Coordination sub-score
     Balance sub-score No diff
     Running and agility sub-score
 Smits-Engelsman et al. [48]e 17 Nintendo Wii Balance item N/A
 Smits-Engelsman et al. [47]e 17 Nintendo Wii Balance sub-score N/A
     Running and agility sub-score N/A
Level 2: DCD-Q
 Straker et al. [49] 21 No intervention 21 PlayStation3 Move and Eye Total score No diff
    Xbox 360 Kinect    
Level 2: Child reported questionnaires
 Hammond et al. [41] 18 School-run motor skills 18 Nintendo Wii CSQ Ability score No diff
     CSQ Satisfaction score No diff
 Straker et al. [49] 21 No intervention 21 PlayStation3 Move and Eye Perceived physical skills NR
    Xbox 360 Kinect    
  1. ✔, significant improvement/effect; ✖, no significant improvement/effect; ✖a, control/comparison group had significantly greater improvements; No diff, no difference between experimental and comparison/control group; N/A, not applicable due to study design; NR, not reported in article; MABC-2, Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition; BOT-2, Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, second edition; DCD-Q, Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire; CSQ, Co-ordination Skills Questionnaire; b28 participants completed experimental intervention, 14 were used for comparison to control group; ctwo out of three items (walking on a line, jumping) showed significant improvement after experimental intervention; done out of nine items (standing on one leg on a balance beam) showed significant improvement after experimental intervention, with this improvement greater than control/comparison; econtrol/comparison group included typically developing children or variation of video game intervention