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Table 3 Intraclass Correlation Coefficients and their 95% confident intervals for the single items of the Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates

From: The influence of gestational age in the psychometric testing of the Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates

  Heel Stick Phase 1 Heel Stick Phase 2 Heel Stick Phase 3 Heel Stick Phase 4 Heel Stick Phase 5
  ICC [95%CI] ICC [95%CI] ICC [95%CI] ICC [95%CI] ICC [95%CI]
Sleeping
 N 135 139 117 105 93
 Single measures 0.215 [0.13–0.31] 0.267 [0.18–0.36] 0.211 [0.13–0.30] 0.185 [0.11–0.28] 0.221 [0.13–0.33]
 Average measures 0.578 [0.43–0.69] 0.646 [0.52–0.74] 0.572 [0.43–0.69] 0.532 [0.37–0.66] 0.586 [0.43–0.71]
Crying
 N 138 140 117 107 94
 Single measures 0.773 [0.72–0.82] 0.694 [0.63–0.76] 0.721 [0.65–0.78] 0.719 [0.65–0.78] 0.655 [0.57–0.73]
 Average measures 0.945 [0.93–0.96] 0.919 [0.89–0.94] 0.928 [0.90–0.95] 0.927 [0.90–0.95] 0.905 [0.87–0.93]
Consolation
 N 140 140 117 108 94
 Single measures 0.453 [0.31–0.58] 0.381 [0.22–0.53] 0.420 [0.27–0.55] 0.319 [0.16–0.48] 0.257 [0.11–0.41]
 Average measures 0.805 [0.69–0.87] 0.755 [0.58–0.85] 0.784 [0.65–0.86] 0.701 [0.48–0.82] 0.634 [0.38–0.78]
Skin colour
 N 141 138 115 108 96
 Single measures 0.074 [0.02–0.14] 0.049 [0.03–0.37] 0.073 [0.02–0.15] 0.045 [0.00–0.10] 0.072 [0.01–0.15]
 Average measures 0.285 [0.09–0.45] 0.205 [0.03–0.37] 0.284 [0.08–0.46] 0.189 [0.01–0.36] 0.280 [0.06–0.47]
Facial expression
 N 135 130 112 102 92
 Single measures 0.655 [0.53–0.75] 0.555 [0.43–0.66] 0.558 [0.45–0.66] 0.500 [0.37–0.62] 0.514 [0.37–0.64]
 Average measures 0.905 [0.85–0.94] 0.862 [0.79–0.91] 0.863 [0.80–0.91] 0.833 [0.75–0.89] 0.841 [0.74–0.90]
Posture
 N 141 139 117 108 97
 Single measures 0.551 [0.38–0.68] 0.487 [0.31–0.63] 0.536 [0.38–0.66] 0.400 [0.25–0.54] 0.342 [0.21–0.48]
 Average measures 0.860 [0.75–0.92] 0.826 [0.69–0.89] 0.852 [0.75–0.91] 0.769 [0.62–0.85] 0.722 [0.57–0.82]
Breathing
 N 119 111 100 95 82
 Single measures 0.252 [0.17–0.34] 0.348 [0.26–0.44] 0.334 [0.24–0.44] 0.348 [0.25–0.45] 0.402 [0.30–0.51]
 Average measures 0.627 [0.51–0.72] 0.727 [0.64–0.80] 0.715 [0.62–0.79] 0.727 [0.63–0.81] 0.770 [0.68–0.84]
Raw Scores Breathing
 N 128 123 107 106 91
 Single measures 0.636 [0.56–0.71] 0.632 [0.56–0.71] 0.674 [0.59–0.75] 0.610 [0.53–0.69] 0.630 [0.54–0.71]
 Average measures 0.897 [0.87–0.92] 0.896 [0.86–0.92] 0.912 [0.88–0.94] 0.887 [0.85–0.92] 0.895 [0.86–0.93]
  1. Note. ICC = Intraclass Correlation Coefficients, calculated with two-way random-effects, absolute agreement models; [95% CI] = 95% confident intervals of the ICCs