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Table 13 Results of the ROC analyses for the modified Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates total score, separated for GA-groups

From: The influence of gestational age in the psychometric testing of the Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates

  Heel Stick Phases of Measurement Points t1-t5
AUC Cut-off Sensitivity Specificity
Range (Median) points Range (Median) Range (Median)
Extremely Preterm Neonates 0.707–0.878 (0.801)    
N = 42–48 0.5 0.734–0.875 (0.839) 0.398–0.562 (0.538)
1.5 0.637–0.765 (0.666) 0.691–0.853 (0.713)
2.5 0.410–0.594 (0.494) 0.901–0.970 (0.945)
Very Preterm Neonates 0.810–0.930 (0.852)    
N = 34–44 0.5 0.849–0.970 (0.905) 0.284–0.606 (0.439)
1.5 0.745–0.901 (0.811) 0.638–0.728 (0.680)
2.5 0.596–0.785 (0.648) 0.864–0.977 (0.902)
Moderate to Late Preterm Neonates 0.874–0.941 (0.927)    
N = 21–37 1.5 0.900–0.990 (0.970) 0.564–0.660 (0.581)
2.5 0.763–0.950 (0.897) 0.705–0.832 (0.787)
3.5 0.532–0.763 (0.675) 0.879–0.975 (0.933)
Full-term Neonates 0.893–0.906    
N = 14–20 2.5 0.942–0.959 0.419–0.664
3.5 0.807–0.888 0.808–0.824
4.5 0.714–0.831 0.836–0.896
5.5 0.423–0.751 0.892–0.969
  1. Note. The PIPP-R was the reference value, with a cut-off point of 6.5 that discriminated between no/low pain (≤ 6 points) and moderate to high pain (≥ 7 points); AUC = Area under the curve; [95% CI] = 95% confidence intervals of the AUC; the results were originally computed separately for each rater and aggregated assuming normal distribution of the parameter; Range = heel stick phases of measurement points t1-t5; bold-set font = cut-offs with sensitivity and specificity nearest 80%