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Table 10 Results of the ROC analyses for the modified Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates total score

From: The influence of gestational age in the psychometric testing of the Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates

   Cut-off points AUC
Heel stick phase N 0.5 1.5 2.5 [95% CI]
t1 144     
Sensitivity   0.926 0.853 0.724 0.863
Specificity   0.515 0.662 0.857 [0.800–0.926]
t2 140     
Sensitivity   0.908 0.811 0.667 0.825
Specificity   0.442 0.597 0.805 [0.756–0.894]
t3 118     
Sensitivity   0.874 0.769 0.631 0.812
Specificity   0.424 0.672 0.858 [0.734–0.890]
t4 109     
Sensitivity   0.870 0.750 0.574 0.812
Specificity   0.484 0.685 0.876 [0.730–0.894]
t5 97     
Sensitivity   0.869 0.794 0.646 0.812
Specificity   0.383 0.670 0.879 [0.722–0.902]
  1. Note. The PIPP-R was the reference value, with a cut-off point of 6.5 that discriminated between no/low pain (≤ 6 points) and moderate to high pain (≥ 7 points); AUC = Area under the curve; [95% CI] = 95% confidence intervals of the AUC; the results were originally computed separately for each rater and aggregated assuming normal distribution of the parameters; bold-set font = cut-offs with sensitivity and specificity nearest 80%