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Table 2 Characteristics of prescriptions for neonates in the NICUs

From: Pattern and extent of off-label and unlicensed drug use in neonatal intensive care units in Iran

Characteristics of prescriptions Preterm Neonates Term Neonates Total Neonates P value
<  32 weeks GA 32-36 weeks GA ≥37 weeks GA
Prescriptions,No. Mean (±SD) 8 (±4.8) 4.8 (±3.8) 4.5(±3.3) 5.4 (±4.1) 0.003*
Drugs,NoMean (±SD) 6.6 (±3.4) 4 (±2.7) 3.6 (±2.3) 4.5 (±3) < 0.001*
Off-label prescriptions, No. (%) 96 (25.7) 115 (42) 188 (46.9) 399 (38.1) * < 0.001
Unlicensed prescriptions, No. (%) 1 (0.3) 7 (2.6) 12 (3) 20 (1.9) *0.043
Neonates with off-label prescription, No. (%) 41 (87.2) 48 (84.5) 75 (84.3) 164 (85) 0.8
Neonates with unlicensed prescription, No. (%) 1 (2.1) 7 (12.3) 9 (10.1) 17 (8.8) 0.554
Neonates with off-label or unlicensed prescription, No. (%) 41 (87.2) 48 (84.5) 75 (84.3) 164 (85) 0.8
  1. SD Standard deviation; *, p-value < 0.05