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Table 3 Clinical signs and symptoms and basic laboratory results associated to bacterial infection in multivariate logistic regression analysis

From: Can clinical signs or symptoms combined with basic hematology data be used to predict the presence of bacterial infections in febrile children under - 5 years?

  Bacterial infected group BSI UTI GII
Clinical signs and symptoms OR (IC 95%) P value OR (IC 95%) P value OR (IC 95%) P value OR (IC 95%) P value
Z-score Weight/age < 2SD in kg/month, kg/age, mean (SD) 0.95(0.68;1.33) 0.761 0.82(0.67;1.01) 0.063 0.82(0.54;1.25) 0.358 0.87(0.72;1.05) 0.140
Z-score Height/age < 2SD in cm/month, cm/kg, mean (SD) 1.03(0.97;1.08) 0.372 1.02(0.97;1.07) 0.486 0.98(0.89;1.09) 0.768 1.02(0.97;1.07) 0.442
Diarrhea 1.84(1.22;2.78) 0.003* 1.97(1.12;3.46) 0.019* 3.97(1.12;14.02) 0.032* 1.36(0.8;2.3) 0.259
Dehydration 0.74(0.28;1.94) 0.538 0.65(0.22;1.98) 0.452 1.35(0.17;10.4) 0.775 0.58(0.09;3.51) 0.550
Edema 6.27(1.56;25.23) 0.010* 6.04(1.38;26.39) 0.017* 0.82(0.01;52.99) 0.926 2.2(0.28;17.39) 0.455
Convulsion 3.46(1.21;9.87) 0.021* 2.06(0.6;7.03) 0.248 0.68(0.02;29.4) 0.844 2.34(0.5;11.01) 0.281
Axillary temperature [39.5,42] 2.25(1.34;3.79) 0.002* 3.01(1.51;5.97) 0.002* 0.97(0.15;6.39) 0.975 1.41(0.68;2.9) 0.356
Pallor of conjunctiva 1.53(0.74;3.14) 0.249 1.31(0.55;3.15) 0.540 2.76(0.49;15.53) 0.250 1.01(0.31;3.31) 0.982
Splenomegaly 1.78(0.73;4.300) 0.638 2.28(0.9;5.77) 0.081 0.34(0.01;7.9) 0.501 1.17(0.25;5.53) 0.840
Hepatomegaly 1.17(0.50;2.75) 0.725 1.03(0.38;2.78) 0.951 0.25(0.01;5.15) 0.372 0.79(0.18;3.37) 0.746
Laboratory basic data*
Hemoglobin < 8 1.34(0.68;2.62) 0.394 1.96(0.82;4.69) 0.133 0.95(0.2;4.63) 0.954 1.05(0.44;2.48) 0.913
  1. *Statistically significant
  2. ahemoglobin value was g/dl; leucocyte value was 103/μl
  3. BSI Bloodstream infection, GII Gastro-intestinal infection, UTI Urinary tract infection
  4. Note: The different data were adjusted for gender, age and weigh for the multivariate analysis