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Table 2 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of neonates admitted to neonatology units at two rural district hospitals in Rwanda (N = 1723)

From: A retrospective study of neonatal case management and outcomes in rural Rwanda post implementation of a national neonatal care package for sick and small infants

  n %
Hospital
 Kirehe 856 49.7
 Rwinkwavu 867 50.3
Age at admission (days) N = 1621
  < 1 1140 70.3
 1–3 310 19.1
 4–7 54 3.3
 8–28 117 7.2
Admitted in first 48 h of life N = 1684
 Yes 1493 88.7
 No 191 11.3
Gender N = 1624
 Male 949 58.4
 Female 675 41.6
Birth weight (grams) N = 1518
 Low birth weight (< 2500) 701 46.2
  LBW (≥1500- < 2500) 528 34.8
  Very LBW (≥1000- < 1500) 139 9.2
  Extremely LBW (< 1000) 34 2.2
 Normal birth weight (≥2500) 817 53.8
Gestational age (weeks) N = 1528
 Preterm (<37) 556 36.4
  Preterm (≥33 to < 37) 391 25.6
  Very preterm (< 33) 165 10.8
 Term (≥37) 972 63.6
Primary diagnosis N = 1663
 Prematurity 463 27.8
 Neonatal infection 392 23.6
 Asphyxia at birth/low APGAR score/HIE 336 20.2
 Respiratory distress/apnea 113 6.8
 Low birth weight 95 5.7
 Poor feeding 51 3.1
 Malformation 36 2.2
 Convulsion 28 1.7
 Pneumonia 21 1.3
 Jaundice 13 0.8
 Hypothermia 10 0.6
 Hypoglycemia 8 0.5
 Others 97 5.8
  1. LBW Low birth weight, APGAR A measurement of Appearance, Pulsation, Grimace, Activity and Respiration, HIE Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy