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Table 1 Demographic & clinical profile of patients (n = 50)

From: Serum procalcitonin in bacterial & non-bacterial meningitis in children

Characteristics Group I Bacterial meningitis (n = 22) Group II Non-bacterial meningitis (n = 28) P value
Age (months) 23.5(11.75–66) 30 (9.25–81) 0.89 #
Sex: Male
     Female
11(50%)
11(50%)
19 (67.85%)
9 (32.15%)
0.20*
Illness duration (days) 2.5 (1.75–4.5) 3 (2–3.75) 0.54 #
Fever 21 (95.46%) 27 (96.43%) 0.36*
Convulsions 15 (68.18%) 14 (50%) 0.19*
Vomiting 6 (27.28%) 14 (50%) 0.10*
Headache 3 (13.64%) 7 (25%) 0.32*
Loss of consciousness 5 (22.72%) 2 (7.14%) 0.22*
Neck pain 8 (36.36%) 1 (3.57%) 0.06*
Decreased feeding 7 (31.81%) 7 (25%) 0.59*
Excessive crying 4 (18.18%) 3 (10.71%) 0.68*
GCS 12.86 ± 2.42 13.39 ± 2.18 0.40 ##
Neck stiffness 10 (45.45%) 6 (21.43%) 0.52*
Kernig’s sign 1 (4.54%) 3 (10.71%) 0.62*
Brudzinski sign 1 (4.54%) 3 (10.71%) 0.62*
Raised Intracranial pressure 5 (22.72%) 5 (17.86%) 0.67*
ICU need 5 (22.72%) 8 (28.57%) 0.64*
Mechanical ventilation 2 (9.09%) 5 (17.86%) 0.44*
  1. (*Chi square test; # Mann Whitney U test; ## Independent sample t test)