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Table 5 Factors associated with pre-lacteal feeding practices among mothers, in Aksum town, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017

From: Pre-lacteal feeding practice and associated factors among mothers having children less than two years of age in Aksum town, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017: a cross-sectional study

Variables Pre-lacteal feeding Crude OR (CI: 95%) Adjusted OR (CI: 95%)
Yes No
Level of education
 No education 29(18%) 132(82%) 3.695(1.78,7.66) 2.4 (0.95,5.93)
 Primary school 8 (6.7%) 112(93.3%) 1.2(0.47,3.08) 1.145(0.39,3.38)
 Secondary and above 11(5.6%) 185(94.4%) 1 1
Child age
  < 6 months 16(11.3%) 126(88.7%) 1 1
 6–11 months 12(8.7%) 126(91.3%) 0.75(0.34,1.65) 0.43(0.16,1.19)
 12-17 months 5(5.8%) 81(94.2%) 0.48(0.17,1.36) 0.434(0.13,1.41)
 18–24 months 15(14.9%) 86(85.1%) 1.39(0.65,2.96) 0.843(0.31,2.25)
Birth spacing
 No previous child 19(12.7%) 131(87.3%) 2.417(1.14,5.15) 2.931(1.21,7.09) *
  < 24 months 17(14.8%)   2.891(1.33, 6.29) 2.887(1.15,7.25) *
  ≥ 24 months 12(5.7%) 200(94.3%) 1 1
Colostrum giving
 Yes 32(7%) 425(93%) 1 1
 No 16(80%) 4(20%) 10.629(4.78, 23.61) 6.724(2.49,18.12) *
Number of ANC visit
  ≥ 4 10(2.9%) 331(97.1%) 1 1
  < 4 38(27.9%) 98(72.1%) 11.529 (5.44, 24.41) 10.549 (4.76, 23.40) *
Breast feeding counselinga
 Yes 45(9.6%) 422(90.4%) 1 1
 No 3(30%) 7(70%) 4.019(1.00, 16.09) 0.648(0.07,6.2)
Place of deliverya
 Heath facility 40(8.7%) 418(91.3%) 1 1
 At home 8(42.1%) 11(57.9%) 5.162(2.08, 12.81) 1.192(0.03,4.77)
Mode of delivery
 Normal 37(8.5%) 399(91.5%) 1 1
 C/S 11(26.8%) 30(73.2%) 3.954(1.83,8.53) 4.377 (1.72,11.12) *
PNC follow upa
 Yes 36(8.7%) 376(91.3%) 1 1
 No 12(18.5%) 53(81.5%) 2.365(1.16, 4.83) 1.323(0.47,3.70)
Believe on purported advantage of PLF
 Yes 30(18.2%) 135(81.8%) 3.63(1.95, 6.81) 3.359 (1.62,6.96) *
 No 18(5.8%) 294(94.2%) 1 1
Risk of PLFa
 Yes 28(7.4%) 348(92.6%) 1 1
 No 20(19.8%) 81(80.2%) 3.069(1.65, 5.72) 1.454(0.58,3.64)
Family sizea
  < =3 21(13.3%) 137(86.7%) 1 1
  > =4 27(8.5%) 292(91.5%) 0.603(0.33,1.10) 1.403(0.35,5.67)
  1. *Statistically significant variables at p-value of < 0.05
  2. aVariable excluded after adjusting them in multivariate logistic regression
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