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Table 4 Late outcomes of ELBW children: Results of Pediatric and psychological assessments

From: Prospective study of early and late outcomes of extremely low birthweight in Central Saudi Arabia

  n. (%)
Normal children 21 34.8
Impairments (at age 3)a
 Developmental delay@ 24 38.1
 Cerebral palsy 23 36.2
 Hyperactive autistic 4 6.3
 Blindness/amblyopia/amblyopia 4 6.3
 Delayed speech/Stuttering 21 33.3
 Wasting 8 12.7
 ADHD 2 3.2
Psychological assessment (at age 6)b
 Superior 3 5.0
 Average 42 70.0
 Low average 2 3.3
 Borderline (Slow learner) 7 11.7
 Mild MR 4 6.7
 Moderate MR 2 3.3
 IQ verbal (mean ± SD) 93.5 ± 21.8
 IQ performance (mean ± SD) 82.8 ± 17.6
 IQ-Full scale (mean ± SD) 86.8 ± 21.3
  1. a---results for 63 children, b---results for 60 children
  2. @--Developmental delays were: gross motor (14.3%), sensory/adaptive (57.1%), personal/social (42.9%), language (42.9%)