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Table 2 Distribution of ELBW (n = 117) according to neonatal complications

From: Prospective study of early and late outcomes of extremely low birthweight in Central Saudi Arabia

Complications Total
(n = 117)
n, (%)
A-CNS
 IVH 75 (64.1)
 PVL 10 (8.5)
 Encephalopathy 6 (5.1)
 Seizure 25 (21.4)
 Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
 Grade I 45 (38.8)
 Grade II 6 (5.2)
B-CVS
 PDA 66 (56.9)
 CHD 4 (3.4)
 Indomethacin 20 (17.2)
 Pulmonary Hypertension 13 (11.4)
C-Infectious
 Early Onset Sepsis 11 (9.5)
 Late Onset Sepsis 47 (40.5)
 Nosocomial Infection 41 (35.7)
 Meningitis 4 (3.4)
D-Respiratory
 RDS 110 (95.7)
 Surfactant 101 (87.8)
 Air Leak Syndrom 1 (0.9)
 BPD-Bronchopulmonary dysplasia 42 (36.5)
 Postnatal Steroid 27 (23.5)
 Phototherapy 86 (75.4)
 IPPVduration of oxygen exposure (days) 26.6 ± 22.5
 CPAPduration of mechanical ventilation (days) 16.9 ± 15.5
 Home oxygen 3 (3.5)
E-GIT
 GIT abnormalities 2 (1.8)
 Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) –stage II 31 (27.0)
 Hyperbilirubinemia 82 (71.9)
 Phototherapy 86 (75.4)