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Table 3 Association between baseline characteristics and outcome

From: Mortality among very low birth weight infants after hospital discharge in a low resource setting

Characteristics Total
164 (%)
Died
N = 32(%)
Survived
132(%)
p-Value
Maternal age
  < 20 years 23 (14.0) 4 (17.4) 19 (82.6)  
  ≥ 20 years 141 (86.0) 28 (20.0) 113 (80.0) 0.78
Maternal education
 None 7 (4.3) 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 0.54
 Primary 49 (29.9) 6 (12.2) 43 (87.2)  
 Secondary 81 (49.4) 20 (24.7) 61 (75.3) 0.10
 Tertiary 27 (16.5) 4 (14.8) 23 (85.2)  
Maternal income/month
 Unemployed/nil 77 (47.0) 14 (18.2) 63 (81.8)  
 30-100 K 84 (51.2) 3 (10.0) 27 (90.0)  
  > 100 k 3 (1.8) 15 (26.3) 42 (73.7) 0.11
Maternal parity
 Primiparous 52 (31.7) 10 (19.2) 42 (80.8)  
 2–4 89 (54.3) 17 (19.1) 72 (80.9)  
  > 4 23 (14.0) 5 (21.7) 18 (78.3) 0.77
Sex
 Male 71 (43.3) 18 (25.3) 53 (74.7) 0.10
 Female 93 (56.7) 14 (15.0) 79 (85.0)  
Discharge weight
  < 1000 g 37 (22.6) 13 (34.1) 24 (64.9) 0.008
 1000-1199 g 73 (44.5) 13 (17.8) 60 (82.2)  
  ≥ 1200 g 54 (32.9) 6 (11.1) 48 (88.9)  
Postmenstrual age at discharge
  < 35 weeks 95 (57.9) 25 (26.3) 70 (73.7) 0.012
  ≥ 35 weeks 69 (42.1) 7 (10.1) 62 (89.9)  
Period in KMC
  < 1 Week 130 (79.3) 20 (15.4) 110 (84.6)  
 1-2 weeks 29 (17.7) 9 (31.0) 20 (69.0) 0.09
  > 2 weeks 5 (3.0) 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 0.04
KMC support
 Supported 34 (79.3) 5 (15.6) 29 (84.4)  
 Not supported 130 (20.7) 27 (20.7) 103 (79.3) 0.43
HIV exposure
 Yes 30 (18.3) 7 (23.3) 23 (76.6) 0.56
 No 134 (81.7) 25 (18.6) 109 (81.3)  
Parents living together
 Yes 139 (84.8) 24 (17.3) 115 (82.7)  
 No 25 (15.2) 8 (32.0) 17 (68.0) 0.09
SGA
 Yes 98 (59.8) 11 (11.2) 87 (88.8)  
 No 66 (40.2) 21 (31.8) 45 (68.2) 0.001
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