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Table 2 Classification of respiratory viruses according to age, sex, HIV and CMV results

From: Prevalence and seasonality of common viral respiratory pathogens, including Cytomegalovirus in children, between 0–5 years of age in KwaZulu-Natal, an HIV endemic province in South Africa

Virus RSV
n (%)
ADV
n (%)
Hrhino
n (%)
PIV3
n (%)
FluA
n (%)
EV
n (%)
HBoV
n (%)
FluB
n (%)
PIV1
n (%)
HMPV
n (%)
PIV4
n (%)
PIV2
n (%)
Total P Value
Age
 0–6 250 (79.1) 102 (47.4) 91 (59.9) 59 (65.6) 27 (54) 22 (57.9) 9 (24.3) 15 (45.5) 12 (57.1) 3 (21.4) 6 (46.2) 3 (60) 599 (60.9) < 0.0001
 7–12 10 (3.2) 25 (11.6) 11 (7.2) 9 (10) 3 (6) 4 (10.5) 8 (21.6) 2 (6.1) 4 (19) 3 (21.4) 2 (15.4) 0 (0) 81 (8.2)
 13–24 49 (15.5) 72 (33.5) 40 (26.3) 16 (17.8) 17 (34.0) 6 (23.7) 18 (48.6) 14 (42.4) 4 (19.0) 7 (50.0) 5 (38.5) 2 (40.0) 253 (25.7)
 25–60 7 (2.2) 16 (7.4) 10 (6.6) 6 (6.7) 3 (6) 3 (7.9) 2 (5.4) 2 (6.1) 1 (4.8) 1 (7.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 51 (5.2)
Total 316 215 152 90 50 38 37 33 21 14 13 5 984  
Sex
 Male 181 (58.6) 128 (60.7) 75 (50.7) 39 (43.8) 27 (55.1) 26 (70.3) 20 (54.1) 19 (57.6) 10 (50.0) 5 (35.7) 5 (41.7) 2 (40) 537 (55.7) 0.08
 Female 128 (41.4) 83 (39.3) 73 (49.3) 50 (56.2) 22 (44.9) 11 (29.7) 17 (45.9) 14 (42.4) 10 (50.0) 9 (64.3) 7 (58.3) 3 (60) 427 (44.3)
Total 309 211 148 89 49 37 37 33 20 14 12 5 964  
Facility type
 District 30 (9.5) 24 (11.1) 19 (12.5) 14 (15.6) 7 (14.0) 2 (5.3) 4 (10.8) 5 (15.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (40.0) 108 (11.0) 0.84
 Tertiary 54 (17.1) 33 (15.3) 25 (16.4) 17 (18.9) 10 (20.0) 8 (21.1) 3 (8.1) 3 (9.1) 8 (38.1) 3 (21.4) 8 (61.5) 1 (20.0) 173 (17.6)
 Specialised 232 (73.4) 158 (73.5) 108 (71.1) 59 (65.6) 33 (66.0) 28 (73.7) 30 (81.1) 25 (75.8) 13 (61.9) 10 (71.4) 5 (38.5) 2 (40.0) 703 (71.4)
Total 316 215 152 90 50 38 37 33 21 14 13 5 984  
 HIV Positive 27 (11.6) 33 (21.0) 29 (25.2) 20 (29.0) 4 (12.1) 4 (17.4) 7 (24.1) 8 (30.8) 6 (40.0) 2 (16.7) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) 142 (19.7) 0.006
 HIV negative 205 (88.4) 124 (79.0) 86 (74.8) 49 (71.0) 29 (87.9) 19 (82.6) 22 (75.9) 18 (69.2) 9 (60.0) 10 (83.3) 6 (75.0) 2 (100.0) 579 (80.3)
Total 232 157 115 69 33 23 29 26 15 12 8 2 721  
 CMV Positive 28 (41.8) 29 (74.4) 21 (58.3) 14 (70.0) 9 (50.0) 5 (71.4) 9 (81.8) 5 (62.5) 4 (80.0) 2 (66.7) 7 (100.0) 1 (100.0) 134 (60.4) 0.042
 CMV negative 39 (58.2) 10 (25.6) 15 (41.7) 6 (30.0) 9 (50.0) 2 (28.6) 2 (18.2) 3 (37.5) 1 (20.0) 1 (33.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 88 (39.6)
Total 67 39 36 20 18 7 11 8 5 3 7 1 222  
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