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Table 3 Predictors of unlicensed and off label prescriptions in nursery wards

From: Drug utilization in neonatal setting of Pakistan: focus on unlicensed and off label drug prescribing

S.No. Variables    p- value OR (95% CI)
   Unlicensed prescriptions   
   Present
(n = 1001)
Absence
(n = 299)
  
1 Gender
 Female 302 114 0.039** 0.743 (0.560–0.985)
 Male 699 185 Reference
2 Gestational age
 Preterm infants 174 97 0.000*** 0.537 (0.396–.729)
 Term infants 827 202 Reference
3 Length of Stay
 5 or More days 148 20 0.036** 1.730 (1.037–2.888)
 Less than 5 days 855 279 Reference
4 Prescribed drugs
 3 or More drugs 521 64 0.000*** 3.360 (2.548–4.592)
 Less than 2 drugs 480 235 Reference
   Off label prescriptions   
Present
(n = 1016)
Absence
(n = 284)
1 Gender
 Female 304 112 0.026** 0.720 (0.539–0.962)
 Male 712 172 Reference
2 Gestational age
 Preterm infants 179 76 0.854 0.970 (0.700–1.343)
 Term infants 837 208 Reference
3 Length of Stay
 5 or More days 148 20 0.083* 0.662 (0.415–1.055)
 Less than 5 days 855 279 Reference
4 Prescribed drugs
 3 or More drugs 544 41 0.000*** 7.187 (4.961–10.411)
 Less than 2 drugs 472 243 Reference
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. *significant at p < 0.1 **significant at p < 0.05 ***significant at p < 0.01
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