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Table 1 General characteristics of patients in nurseries

From: Drug utilization in neonatal setting of Pakistan: focus on unlicensed and off label drug prescribing

Variables n (%) HMC n (%) KTH n (%) LRH n (%) NWGH Total
Gender
 Male 253 (19.46) 232 (17.85) 236 (18.15) 163 (12.54) 884 (68.00)
 Female 97 (7.46) 123 (9.46) 119 (9.15) 77 (5.92) 416 (32.00)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
Gestational age
 Term Infants 272 (20.92) 256 (19.69) 294 (22.62) 207 (15.92) 1029 (79.15)
 Preterm infants 78 (6.00) 99 (7.62) 61 (4.69) 33 (2.54) 271 (20.85)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100.00)
Age (Days)
 ≤ 7 days old 275 (21.15) 280 (21.54) 309 (23.77) 110 (8.46) 974 (74.92)
 8 to 14 days old 25 (1.92) 35 (2.69) 41 (3.15) 42 (3.23) 143 (11.00)
 15 to 21 days old 20 (1.54) 12 (0.92) 5 (0.38) 9 (0.69) 46 (3.54)
 22 to 30 days 30 (2.31) 28 (2.15) 79 (6.08) 137 (10.54)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
 Mean ± S.D 0.20 ± 0.327 0.21 ± 0.36 0.10 ± 0.111 0.69 ± 1.20 0.27 ± 0.613
 Range 0.97 (0.03–1.00) 2.97 (0.03–3.00) 0.47 (0.03–0.05) 0.97 (0.03–1.00) 0.97 (0.03–1.00)
Prescribed drugs
 1 to 3 drugs 255 (19.62) 326 (25.08) 257 (19.77) 148 (11.38) 986 (75.85)
 4 to 6 drugs 93 (7.15) 21 (1.62) 94 (7.23) 78 (6) 286 (22)
 7 and above drugs 2 (0.15) 8 (0.62) 4 (0.31) 14 (1.08) 28 (2.15)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
 Mean ± S.D 2.99 ± 1.193 2.43 ± 1.096 2.94 ± 1.3 3.10 ± 1.765 2.85 ± 1.358
 Range 6 (2–8) 7 (1–8) 7 (1–8) 8 (1–9) 8 (1–9)
Hospital stay
 1 to 5 days 331 (25.46) 317 (24.38) 311 (23.92) 175 (13.46) 1134 (87.23)
 6 to 10 days 19 (1.46) 32 (2.46) 44 (3.38) 46 (3.54) 141 (10.85)
 11 or more days 6 (0.46) 19 (1.46) 25 (1.92)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
 Mean ± S.D 2.14 ± 1.395 2.43 ± 1.096 3.50 ± 1.606 4.60 ± 4.882 3.15 ± 2.800
 Range 7 (1–8) 16 (1–17) 9 (1–10) 34 (1–35) 34 (1–35)
Patients received at least one unlicensed drug
 Y 254 (19.54) 290 (22.31) 252 (19.38) 205 (15.77) 1001 (77)
 N 96 (7.38) 65 (5.00) 103 (7.92) 35 (2.69) 299 (23)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
Patients received at least one off label drug
 Y 320 (24.62) 294 (22.62) 252 (19.38) 150 (11.54) 1016 (78.15)
 N 30 (2.31) 61 (4.69) 103 (7.92) 90 (6.92) 284 (21.85)
 Total 350 (26.92) 355 (27.31) 355 (27.31) 240 (18.46) 1300 (100)
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