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Table 2 Factors associated with higher rate of ED revisits within 72 h of discharge

From: Emergency department 72-hour revisits among children with chronic diseases: a Saudi Arabian study

   Univariate Multivariate
  95% Wald CI for RR   95% Wald CI for aRR
Factor Reference P RR Lower Upper P aRR Lower Upper
Age < 3 years ≥14 years 0.001* 3.293 2.103 5.158 0.001* 6.056 2.461 14.904
3 ≤ Age < 6 years ≥14 years 0.001* 3.114 1.982 4.893 0.001* 4.831 1.930 12.091
6 ≤ Age < 14 years ≥14 years 0.001* 2.392 1.524 3.754 0.036* 2.663 1.068 6.641
Female Male 0.830 1.013 0.898 1.143 0.094 1.253 0.962 1.633
Institutional health insurance coverage None 0.001* 4.239 2.200 8.168 0.025* 3.132 1.152 8.518
Year 2015 Year 2017 0.001* 1.363 1.166 1.593 0.001* 2.040 1.390 2.993
Year 2016 Year 2017 0.001* 1.288 1.124 1.475 0.050* 1.427 1.000 2.037
New patient ED visit No 0.341 0.833 0.572 1.213 0.950 0.988 0.681 1.434
Circulatory Other 0.687 1.075 0.756 1.529 0.595 0.858 0.487 1.511
Congenital malformations Other 0.296 1.195 0.856 1.667 0.102 1.401 0.935 2.099
Digestive Other 0.001* 1.490 1.249 1.777 0.141 1.456 0.883 2.399
Ear Other 0.026* 1.380 1.039 1.832 0.518 1.217 0.671 2.204
External causes Other 0.449 0.902 0.690 1.178 0.039* 1.944 1.034 3.657
Genitourinary Other 0.001* 1.765 1.487 2.095 0.002* 1.814 1.251 2.631
Respiratory Other 0.001* 1.435 1.212 1.699 0.001* 0.111 0.035 0.351
  1. *. Significant at α = 0.05