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Table 1 General characteristics of the enrolled neonates

From: Bacteriological profile and antibiotic susceptibility of neonatal sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital in Nepal

Variables EOS group LOS group Total Percent Fisher’s exact test p-value
Neonatal variables
Gender
 Male 31 6 37 53.6 0.2571
 Female 23 9 32 46.4
Gestational age at birth
 Preterm (< 37 weeks) 42 5 47 68.1 0.0033
 Term (> 37 weeks) 12 10 22 31.9
Birthweight
  < 2500 g 34 10 44 63.8 1.0000
  ≥ 2500 g 20 5 25 36.2
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 35 8 43 62.3 0.5484
 Caesarean section 19 7 26 37.7
APGAR score < 6 at 5 min 5 0 5 7.3 0.6250
Maternal variables
 Maternal fever (within 7 days before delivery) 9 0 9 13.0 0.0039
 PROM of > 18 h 29 2 31 44.9 < 0.0001
 Foul smelling liquor 2 0 2 2.9 0.5000
 Maternal antibiotics (within 7 days before delivery) 19 2 21 30.4 0.0002
 Maternal GBS colonization 12 0 12 17.4 0.0004
Neonatal care related variables
 Need for inotropes 39 2 41 59.4 < 0.0001
 Need for positive pressure ventilation 54 10 64 92.8 < 0.0001
 Central line 47 3 50 72.5 < 0.0001
 Mortality 11 0 11 15.9 0.0009
  1. EOS Early onset sepsis, GBS Group B Streptococcus, LOS Late onset sepsis, PROM Prolonged rupture of membrane