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Table 2 Use of physical methods and antipyretics among paediatricians participating in the 2012 and 2015 surveys

From: Knowledge, attitudes and misconceptions of Italian healthcare professionals regarding fever management in children

First choice drug
  2012 n (%) 2015 n (%) P
Paracetamol* 295 (98.3; 96.1–99.3) 546 (97.1; 95.4–98.4) 0.656
Ibuprofen* 4 (1.3; 0.5–3.4) 12 (2.1;1.2–3.7) 0.40
Other 1 (0.3; 0.0–1.8) 4 (0.7; 0.3–1.8) 0.48
Second choice drug
 Paracetamol* 19 (6.3; 4.1–9.7;) 61 (10.8; 8.5–13.7) 0.03
 Ibuprofen* 276 (92.0; 88.4–94.6) 495 (88.1; 85.1–90-5) 0.04
 Acetylsalicilic acid 2 (0.7; 0.2–2.4) 0 (0.0; 0.0–0.0) 0.12
 Other 3 (1.0;0.3–2.9) 6 (1.1; 0.5–2.3) 0.92
Choice of administration of paracetamol
 Oral 249 (83.0; 78.3–86-8) 517 (92.0; 89.4–94.0) < 0.0001
 Rectal 51 (17.0;13.2–21.7) 45 (8.0;6.0–10.5) < 0.0001
Alternating use
 Yes 34 (11.3; 8.2–15.4) 69 (12.3; 9.8–15.2) 0.40
Use of physical methods
 Together with antipyretic drug 29 (9.7; 6.8–13.5) 36 (6.4; 4.7–8.7) 0.08
 Before the antipyretic drug 9 (3.0; 1.6–5.6) 14 (2.3; 14.5–41.4) 0.66
 If fever persists 153 (51.0; 45.4–56.6) 242 (43.1; 39.0–47.2) 0.15
 Never* 109 (36.3; 31.3–41.9) 270 (48.0; 43.9–52.2) < 0.0001
  1. Note:* right answer according to the Guidelines of the Italian Paediatric Society recommendation