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Table 1 Comparison of demography, anthropometry and clinical characteristics of obese children

From: Mother’s obesity and high child’s waist circumference are predictive factors of severe child’s obesity: an observational study in French Guiana

Characteristics Metabolically Normal Obesity n = 114 (%) Metabolically Abnormal Obesity n = 36 (%) p-value p*
Age (years, median, range) 8,85 (5,92–11,10) 11,12 (9,93–13,36) < 0,001  
Sex    0.09  
 Boys 63 (55) 14 (39)  
 Girls 51(45) 22 (61)  
Birth weight (Kg, median, range) 3.310 (3.020–3.560) 3.175 (2.940–3.580) 0.5  
Comorbidity    0.9  
 No 104 (91) 33 (92)  
 Yes 10 (9) 3 (8)  
Mother’s obesity (n = 123)    0.003 0,02
 Nonobese (BMI < 25 Kg/m2) 19 (20) 1 (4)   
 Overweight (25 < BMI < 30 Kg/m2) 32 (34) 4 (14)  
 Obese (BMI?30/Kg/m2) 44 (46) 23 (82)  
Father’s obesity (n = 68)    0.6  
 Nonobese (BMI < 25 Kg/m2) 10 (18) 3 (25)  
 Overweight (25 < BMI < 30 Kg/m2) 21 (38) 4 (33)  
 Obese (BMI?30 /Kg/m2) 25 (45) 5 (42)  
Term pregnancy (n = 123)
 Full-term birth 91 (97) 28 (97 0.9  
 Premature birth 3 (3) 1 (3)  
Feeding (n = 129)    0.1  
 Breastfeeding 25 (26) 4 (13)  
 Formula or mixed 73 (74) 27 (87)  
BMI (Z-score, median, range) 4,42[3,94–5,28] 4,9[4,05–5,38] < 0,001  
Overweight or obesity
 Overweight 6 (5) 0 (0) 0.6  
 Obesity 108 (95) 36 (100)  
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg, median, range) 111 (106–121) 133.5 (123.5–138.5) 0.001  
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg, median, range) 70 (66–77) 79.5 (72.5–84.5) 0.06
Waist circumference (cm, median, range) 85 (78–96) 103 (94–109) < 0.001 < 0.001
Waist-to-height ratio 0.62 [0.58–0.67] 0.66 [0.61–0.69] 0.3  
  1. p*obtained after a multivariate analysis