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Table 2 Newborn Care Practices (N = 418)

From: Prevalence and determinants of essential newborn care practices in the Lawra District of Ghana

New born care practice Frequency n (%)
Instrument used to cut the umbilical cord  
 New blade 48 (11.5)
 Any available blade 5 (1.2)
 Scissors 357 (85.4)
 Others 8 (1.9)
 Total 418 (100)
Material used to clamp tie cord  
 Thread 18 (4.3)
 Cord tie 14 (3.3)
 Cord clamp 385 (92.1)
 Others 1 (0.2)
 Total 418 (100.0)
What was applied to cord  
 Nothing 12 (2.9)
 Shea butter 252 (60.3)
 Spirit 147 (35.2)
 Shea butter with powder 3 (0.7)
 String 1 (0.2)
 Others 3 (0.7)
 Total 418 (100.0)
Time baby was wrapped  
 Immediately (< 5 min) 215 (51.4)
 5–10 min 155 (37.1)
 30–60 min 12 (2.9)
 Unknown 36 (8.6)
 Total 418 (100.0)
Timing of newborn’s first bath  
 Soon after birth 29 (6.9)
 1–6 h 166 (39.7)
 More than 6 h but less than 24 h 148 (35.4)
 More than 24 h 4 (1.0)
 Can’t tell 71 (17.0)
 Total 418 (100.0)
Reasons for applying substances to the cord stump  
 Prevent infection 109 (26.1)
 To aid healing 281 (67.2)
 Keep it dry 4 (1.0)
 Prevent water from entering the stomach 8 (1.9)
 Midwifes advised me to used 8 (1.9)
 Not Applicable 8 (1.9)
 Total 418 (100.0)