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Table 5 Cardiometabolic risk markers at different levels of intake of sugar-sweetened soda, fruits/berries and vegetables

From: Gender-related differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors in treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity

  Sugar-sweetened soda Fruits and berries Vegetables
Cardiometabolic risk marker Low Moderate High Low Moderate High Low Moderate High
  n = 70 n = 109 n = 62 n = 45 n = 122 n = 76 n = 42 n = 150 n = 56
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.14 (0.27) 1.20 (0.28) 1.19 (0.25) 1.21 (0.27) 1.20 (0.28) 1.16 (0.25) 1.20 (0.31) 1.20 (0.28) 1.15 (0.23)
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.7 (0.6) 2.5 (0.7) 2.6 (0.8) 2.7 (0.7) 2.5 (0.7) 2.6 (0.8)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.4 (0.7) 1.6 (0.9) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.6) 1.5 (0.8) 1.6 (0.8) 1.5 (0.6) 1.5 (0.8) 1.4 (0.8)
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.0 (1.1) 4.9 (0.5) 4.9 (0.4) 5.0 (0.6) 4.9 (0.9) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.8) 4.9 (0.5)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 115 (11) 116 (15) 116 (18) 111 (24) 117 (11) 116 (12) 116 (11) 116 (15) 116 (17)
  1. ANOVA with post-hoc test for HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure. Kruskall-Wallis test for triglycerides and fasting glucose