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Table 4 Cardiometabolic risk markers at different levels of breakfast eating, physical activity and screen time

From: Gender-related differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors in treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity

  Physical activity level Breakfast eating Screen time
Cardiometabolic risk marker Low Moderate High Skipping regularly Sometimes Regular Low Moderate High
  n = 88 n = 154 n = 20 n = 57 n = 58 n = 143 n = 26 n = 95 n = 145
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.19 (0.27) 1.19 (0.26) 1.25 (0.33) 1.17 (0.24) 1.17 (0.26) 1.19 (0.28) 1.20 (0.27) 1.22 (0.27) 1.17 (0.28)
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.6 (0.6) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.5 (0.6) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.7 (0.7) 2.5 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.5 (0.8) 1.5 (0.8) 1.6 (0.9) 1.5 (0.6) 1.5 (0.7) 1.6 (0.9) 1.4 (0.6) 1.5 (0.7) 1.6 (0.8)
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 4.9 (0.3)a 4.9 (0.3) 5.4 (2.0)1 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.4) 5.0 (0.9) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.9)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 118 (11) 115 (16) 119 (15) 116 (12) 112 (21)a 118 (12)a 111 (22) 115 (11) 118 (15)
  1. ANOVA with post-hoc test for HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure. Kruskall-Wallis test for triglycerides and fasting glucose. aValues within the same lifestyle category differ significantly from each other