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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study participants (n = 268) according to gender

From: Gender-related differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors in treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity

  Boys (n = 132) Girls (n = 136) P-value
Age (years) 14.6 (1.7) 15.3 (1.5) 0.001
Weight (kg) 112.5 (24.8) 107.0 (18.6) 0.040
BMI (kg/m2) 37.9 (6.1) 39.2 (5.7) 0.075
BMI SDS 3.2 (0.4) 3.8 (0.6) < 0.001
Delta iso-BMI 30 10.0 (5.6) 10.3 (5.6) 0.647
Waist circumference (cm) 115.0 (13.3) 109.3 (11.5) < 0.001
Waist to height ratio 0.67 (0.07) 0.66 (0.07) 0.600
Body fat (%) 42.1 (7.3) 47.2 (5.1) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) 119 (15) 113 (14) 0.003
DBP (mmHg) 62 (7) 61 (7) 0.418
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.4 (0.9) 4.5 (0.7) 0.458
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.1 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) 0.002
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.6) 0.505
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.4 (1.0–2.1) 1.3 (0.9–1.7) 0.037
Fasting insulin (pmol/L) 156 (112–236) 149 (109–202) 0.209
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 4.9 (4.7–5.1) 4.9 (4.6–5.1) 0.133
HbA1c (%) 5.4 (0.6) 5.4 (0.5) 0.516
HOMA-IRa 5.8 (4.1–8.9) 5.3 (3.9–7.4) 0.270
  1. Continuous variables are shown as mean (SD) or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated. aHOMA-IR = (insulin (pmol/L) x fasting blood glucose (mmol/L))/135