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Table 4 Frequency of pain intensity scores by severity at 30s and 60s post heel lance

From: The minimally effective dose of sucrose for procedural pain relief in neonates: a randomized controlled trial

  Intervention P
0.1 ml 0.5 ml 1.0 ml
PIPP-R at 30s, n (%) n = 79 n = 81 n = 80 0.74
 -None (0) 2 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.5)  
 -Mild (1 to 6.9) 40 (50.6) 46 (56.8) 39 (48.8)  
 -Moderate (7 to 11.9) 30 (38.0) 27 (33.3) 33 (41.3)  
 -Severe (12+) 7 (8.9) 8 (9.9) 6 (7.5)  
PIPP-R at 60s, n (%) n = 76 n = 80 n = 80 0.97
 -None (0) 1 (1.3) 1 (1.3) 2 (2.5)  
 -Mild (1 to 6.9) 38 (50.0) 44 (55.0) 41 (51.3)  
 -Moderate (7 to 11.9) 29 (38.2) 26 (32.5) 30 (37.5)  
 -Severe (12+) 8 (10.5) 9 (11.3) 7 (8.8)  
  1. PIPP-R scores range from 0 to 21. Higher scores indicate greater pain intensity