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Table 3 Association of mean pain intensity scores with site and demographic characteristics

From: The minimally effective dose of sucrose for procedural pain relief in neonates: a randomized controlled trial

  PIPP-R 30 seconds PIPP-R 60 seconds
Mean (SD) P Mean (SD) P
Site   < 0.001   < 0.001
 1 5.68 (3.31)   5.66 (3.26)  
 2 7.55 (3.58)   8.09 (4.16)  
 3 6.13 (2.31)   6.05 (2.54)  
 4 8.21 (3.87)   8.23 (3.55)  
SNAPPE-II score on admission   0.087   0.058
 -Median or below (0 to 5) 6.35 (3.06)   6.38 (3.22)  
 -Above Median (6+) 7.03 (3.53)   7.17 (3.70)  
Gender 0.31 (3.32) 0.44 −0.05 (3.49) 0.90
Concurrent use of non-pharmacologic pain strategies during heel lance 0.38 (3.31) 0.33 0.10 (3.49) 0.82
Spearman’s correlation (rs) P Spearman’s correlation (rs) P
Gestational age −0.26 < 0.001 − 0.30 < 0.001
Number of painful procedures 0.07 0.24 0.03 0.61
Number of sucrose doses since birth 0.004 0.95 −0.02 0.74
  1. PIPP-R scores range from 0 to 21. Higher scores indicate greater pain intensity. SNAPPE-II scores range from 0 to 158. Higher scores indicate greater severity of illness