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Table 1 Baseline child, maternal and family variables of the control and intervention groups (N = 78)

From: Effects of home-based play-assisted stimulation on developmental performances of children living in extreme poverty: a randomized single-blind controlled trial

Variables Intervention Control p-value
(n = 39) (n = 39)  
Child variables
 Age (in months) 20.83 (14.76) 21.05 (14.77) 0.949
 Birth order (born after third child) 23 (59.00%) 11 (28.20%) 0.006*
 Peers in neighborhood (two or more) 34 (87.20%) 34 (87.20%) 1.000
 Girls 14 (35.90%) 22 (56.40%) 0.069
 Language performance 17.50 (9.00) 17.90 (8.90) 0.860
 Personal social performance 14.30 (6.30) 14.40 (6.30) 0.929
 Fine motor performance 16.90 (6.20) 16.40 (5.60) 0.747
 Gross motor performance 18.70 (7.90) 18.80 (7.30) 0.929
 Social-emotional performance 49.00 (17.30) 48.60 (24.50) 0.936
 WHZ 0.20 (1.40) − 0.10 (1.60) 0.490
 HAZ −1.40 (1.50) −1.20 (1.50) 0.570
 WAZ − 0.60 (1.20) − 0.70 (1.20) 0.782
Maternal variables
 Age (in years) 40.69 (10.00) 25.87 (5.38) < 0.001*
 Education (Illiterate or ≤ grade 8) 28 (71.80%) 32 (82.10%) 0.282
 Occupation (house maid or on street merchant) 30 (76.90%) 35 (89.70%) 0.129
Family variables
 Family size (more than 3) 31 (79.50%) 23 (59.00%) 0.050
 Family income (< 1.90 USD/day) 30 (76.90%) 36 (92.30%) 0.060
  1. Chi-square test (n (%) and p-value) and independent samples t-test (mean (SD) and p-value) were performed for categorical and continuous data respectively
  2. *Indicates significant test