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Table 3 Analysis of factors associated to lack of BCG vaccination

From: BCG vaccination in southern rural Mozambique: an overview of coverage and its determinants based on data from the demographic and health surveillance system in the district of Manhiça

Variable Number of children lacking BCG according to card Total number of children with BCG informatio in the card Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis
OR (95%CI) p-value OR (95%CI) p-value
Sex
 Male 101 (2.6) 3932 1.0    
 Female 102 (2.6) 3882 1.02 (0.77-1.35) 0.926   
Number of siblings
 None 0 (0) 9    
 1 to 2 11 (1.3) 844 0.67 (0.31-1.44)    
 3 or above 17 (1.9) 880 1.00 0.305   
Season of birth
 Rainy 108 (2.5) 4288 1.00    
 Dry 96 (2.7) 3529 1.09 (0.82-1.44) 0.578   
Wealth Index
 1st Quintile 42 (3.2) 1312 1.00    
 2nd Quintile 38 (2.6) 1478 0.82 (0.52-1.28)    
 3rd Quintile 41 (2.8) 1450 0.90 (0.58-1.40)    
 4th Quintile 28 (1.9) 1451 0.61 (0.37-0.99)    
 5th Quintile 38 (2.7) 1418 0.85 (0.54-1.33) 0.325   
Administrative Post
 Manhiça Sede 37 (2.2) 1690 1.00   1.00  
 3 de Fevereiro 34 (2.2) 1582 0.98 (0.61-1.57)   0.79 (0.45-1.39)  
 Ilha Josina Machel 1 (0.7) 144 0.31 (0.04-2.29)   0.32 (0.04-2.39)  
 Xinavane 57 (2.6) 2183 1.20 (0.79-1.82)   1.05 (0.59-1.89)  
 Maluana 65 (3.9) 1671 1.78 (1.18-2.68)   1.89 (1.18-3.00)  
 Calanga 10 (1.8) 547 0.83 (0.41-1.68) 0.007 0.47 (0.14-1.54) 0.003
Antenatal Visits
 1 to 2 3 (1.7) 168 1.00    
 3 or above 25 (1.6) 1565 0.89 (0.37-2.98) 0.854   
Place of delivery
 Health centre 28 (1.7) 1655 1.00    
 Home/way to hospital 0 (0) 77   
Type of delivery
 Natural 26 (1.6) 1645 1.00    
 C-Section 2 (2.3) 88 1.44 (0.34-6.2) 0.618   
Mother’s marital status
 Single 12 (2.4) 510 1.00   1.00  
 Married/Union 84 (2.2) 3868 0.92 (0.49-1.70)   0.99 (0.53-1.82)  
 Divorced/Separated 23 (3.6) 631 1.57 (0.77-3.19) 0.083 1.66 (0.81-3.37) 0.092
Mother’s education
 No education 52 (2.5) 2089 1.00    
 Primary 54 (2.4) 2284 0.95 (0.64-1.39)    
 Secondary or higher 11 (2.3) 485 0.91 (0.47-1.75) 0.943   
Mother’s religion
 Christian 48 (2.3) 2104 1.00    
 Muslim 1 (2.5) 40 1.09 (0.15-8.16)    
 Traditional African 53 (2.5) 2158 1.07 (0.73-1.60) 0.902   
 Others 8 (1.8) 428 0.82 (0.38-1.74)    
Distance to health centre
 Less than 5 km 17 (1.7) 983 1.00    
 More than 5 km 88 (2.2) 3961 1.27 (0.75-2.15) 0.339