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Table 3 Linear growth deficit in the post-and pre-harvesting seasons over a 2-year follow-up period in Southwest Ethiopia, 2014–15

From: Seasonality and determinants of child growth velocity and growth deficit in rural southwest Ethiopia

  Model 1 post-harvest Model 2 pre-harvest
  Estimate (95% CI) SE Estimate (95% CI) SE
Fixed effects
 Intercept 66.59 (65.51, 67.68)** 0.55 67.79 (66.49, 69.09)** 0.66
Seasons of child birth
 Autumn (ref)     
 Spring 0.35 (−0.62, 1.32) 0.50 0.31 (− 0.73, 1.35) 0.53
 Summer −0.99 (−1.93, −.04)* 0.48 −1.06 (−2.07, −.04)* 0.52
 Winter −0.35 (− 1.42, 0.71) 0.54 − 0.25 (− 1.39, 0.89) 0.58
Age of the child (months) 0.60 (0.58, 0.62)** 0.01 0.58 (0.56, 0.60)** 0.01
Sex of the child
 Female (ref)     
 Male 0.41 (−0.25, 1.07) 0.34 0.67 (− 0.07, 1.40) 0.38
Any illness in the past 2 weeks
 Yes (ref)     
 No 0.54 (0.03, 1.06)* 0.26 0.23 (−0.39, 0.86) 0.32
Child Dietary Diversity
 High (ref)     
 Medium −0.39 (−0.94, 0.15) 0.28 −0.31 (− 0.93, 0.31) 0.32
 Low −1.21 (−1.80, −0.61)** 0.31 −1.44 (−2.12, −0.76)** 0.35
Household food insecurity
 Food secure (ref)     
 Moderately food insecure 0.40 (− 0.17, 0.96) 0.29 −0.17 (− 0.84, 0.50) 0.34
 Severely food insecure 0.68 (0.06, 1.30)* 0.32 −0.38 (−1.11, 0.36) 0.38
Random-effects
 Variance of random intercept 4.23 (3.94, 4.53) 0.15 4.41 (4.10, 4.75) 0.17
 Variance of measurement errors (residuals) 2.73 (2.57, 2.90) 0.09 3.443 (3.26, 3.64) 0.10
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05, **Significant at p < 0.001, ref Reference category, CI confidence interval
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