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Table 2 Factors associated with paediatric home deaths from complex chronic conditions in Portugal (1987–2011)

From: Trends in cause and place of death for children in Portugal (a European country with no Paediatric palliative care) during 1987–2011: a population-based study

Variable Category Home death Unadjusted odds ratios for home death Adjusted odds ratios for home deatha  
% N OR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Year of death 1987 35.6 767 1   1  
Successive years NA NA 0.92 0.91–0.93 0.89 0.89–0.90
Age 0–27 days 3.3 3039 1   1  
28–364 days 18.2 2259 6.48 5.17–8.11 8.67 6.81–11.04
1–5 years 27.2 1818 10.70 8.56–13.38 14.26 11.11–18.31
6–10 years 34.8 1236 15.17 12.05–19.09 21.46 16.42–28.04
11–14 years 30.4 1032 12.55 9.86–15.92 16.23 12.34–21.34
15–17 years 27.9 1056 11.18 8.80–14.20 14.99 11.35–19.79
Cause of death Cancer 29.0 2739 1   1  
Neuromuscular 29.3 2116 1.05 0.93–1.19 1.59 1.37–1.84
Cardiovascular 12.9 2569 0.37 0.32–0.43 0.67 0.56–0.81
Respiratory 5.0 418 0.13 0.09–0.21 0.29 0.18–0.47
Renal 12.3 195 0.36 0.23–0.55 1.15 0.68–1.94
Gastro-intestinal 9.7 237 0.27 0.17–0.41 0.40 0.24–0.64
Haematology & Immunodeficiency 11.7 18 0.33 0.21–0.53 0.59 0.36–0.98
Metabolic 19.4 283 0.61 0.45–0.83 0.88 0.62–1.24
Other congenital & genetic 9.3 1703 0.26 0.22–0.31 0.87 0.69–1.09
Semester of death Spring-summer 18.1 4977 1   1  
Autumn-winter 21.0 5463 1.19 1.08–1.31 1.18 1.05–1.32
Sub-region Greater Lisbon 8.7 1916 1   1  
Minho-Lima 27.5 240 4.00 2.89–5.53 4.46 3.10–6.41
Cávado 22.4 478 3.04 2.33–3.97 3.66 2.73–4.91
Ave 22.0 563 2.98 2.31–3.84 3.31 2.50–4.37
Greater Porto 19.1 1221 2.49 2.01–3.08 2.91 2.31–3.67
Tâmega 27.8 709 4.06 3.23–5.10 5.34 4.14–6.87
Entre Douro e Vouga 25.4 276 3.58 2.62–4.91 4.43 3.13–6.26
Douro 38.9 262 6.72 5.00–9.03 7.60 5.44–10.62
Alto Trás os Montes 36.1 241 5.96 4.38–8.10 6.85 4.81–9.77
Baixo Vouga 27.0 370 3.91 2.95–5.16 4.13 3.04–5.62
Baixo Mondego 30.5 272 4.63 3.42–6.27 5.08 3.62–7.14
Pinhal Litoral 31.2 215 4.77 3.43–6.64 5.45 3.76–7.88
Pinhal Interior Norte 40.8 120 7.28 4.89–10.83 8.72 5.51–13.79
Dão-Lafões 31.6 304 4.87 3.64–6.50 5.76 4.16–7.97
Pinhal Interior Sul 28.6 35 4.22 1.99–8.93 4.05 1.76–9.30
Serra da Estrela 58.5 53 14.86 8.41–26.24 24.00 11.80–48.80
Beira Interior Norte 35.2 105 5.74 3.73–8.83 6.43 3.93–10.50
Beira Interior Sul 25.8 62 3.67 2.03–6.62 4.25 2.14–8.45
Cova da Beira 30.8 78 4.69 2.82–7.78 4.85 2.71–8.67
Oeste 15.7 281 1.96 1.37–2.80 1.98 1.34–2.91
Médio Tejo 24.3 251 3.39 2.44–4.71 3.25 2.26–4.67
Península de Setúbal 10.0 607 1.18 0.87–1.60 1.08 0.78–1.50
Lezíria do Tejo 13.4 164 1.63 1.01–2.63 1.49 0.89–2.48
Alentejo Litoral 5.1 78 0.57 0.21–1.58 0.57 0.20–1.64
Alto Alentejo 13.3 113 1.61 0.92–2.84 1.50 0.81–2.75
Alentejo Central 19.4 134 2.54 1.61–4.01 2.79 1.68–4.63
Baixo Alentejo 18.0 128 2.31 1.43–3.73 2.05 1.23–3.43
Algarve 6.2 372 0.70 0.44–1.09 0.77 0.48–1.23
Azores 14.8 413 1.83 1.33–2.50 1.90 1.35–2.67
Madeira 10.8 379 1.28 0.89–1.84 1.27 0.87–1.87
  1. N = 10,440. NA – not applicable; OR – odds ratio. Categories with an OR/AOR of “1” are reference categories. p-values <0.001 for all variables except semester (p = 0.004)
  2. aModel λ2 2482.058, 44df, p < 0.001; Nagelkerke R2 0.337; correct classification of place of death 83.5% (home 34.2%, elsewhere 95.5%)