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Table 5 Mineral intake in the studied children from Piła according to gender

From: Gender differences and typical nutrition concerns of the diets of preschool children – the results of the first stage of an intervention study

Nutrient Reference values Girls
(n = 61)
Boys
(n = 61)
All children
(n = 122)
P
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Calcium (mg) 800a 529 214 625 219 577 221 0.003
Phosphorus (mg) 410a 749 169 829 178 789 177 0.012
Magnesium (mg) 110a 167 32 179 32 173 32 0.034
Sodium (mg) 1000b 2080 (2035c) 444 (57d) 2223 (2190c) 567 (73d) 2151 (2121c) 512 (46d) NS
Potassium (mg) 3100b 1895 (1922c) 409 (52d) 1974 (1947c) 374 (48d) 1934 (1941c) 393 (36d) NS
Iron (mg) 4a 7.1 6.5 6.9 2.2 7.0 4.8 NS
Zinc (mg) 4a 5.5 1.2 6.0 1.3 5.8 1.3 NS
Copper (mg) 0.3a 0.62 0.13 0.66 0.13 0.64 0.13 NS
Manganese (mg) 1.5b 2.39 (2.35c) 0.60 (0.08d) 2.40 (2.34c) 0.50 (0.06d) 2.40 (2.35c) 0.55 (0.05d) NS
Iodine (μg) 65a 77.2 21.2 83.6 28.2 80.4 25.0 NS
  1. NA not available, P significance, NS not significant (P > 0.05)
  2. aEAR, bAI, cmedian, dstandard error