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Table 4 The percentages of the studied children from Piła in the reference ranges for vitamin intake according to gender

From: Gender differences and typical nutrition concerns of the diets of preschool children – the results of the first stage of an intervention study

Nutrient Girls
(n = 61)
Boys
(n = 61)
All children
(n = 122)
P
Percent Percent Percent  
Vitamin A (retinol equivalent)
 Below EAR 1.6 0.0 0.8 NS
Retinol
 Above UL 1.6 1.6 1.6 NS
Vitamin D
 Below EAR 100.0 96.7 98.4 NS
 Above UL 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Vitamin E
 Below AI 57.4 37.7 47.5 0.030
 Above UL 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Vitamin B1
 Below EAR 3.3 0.0 1.6 NS
Vitamin B2
 Below EAR 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Vitamin B6
 Below EAR 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
 Above UL 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Folic acid
 Below EAR 47.5 41.0 44.3 NS
 Above UL 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Vitamin B12
 Below EAR 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
Niacin
 Below EAR 6.6 4.9 5.7 NS
 Above UL 6.6 8.2 7.4 NS
Vitamin C
 Below EAR 9.8 14.8 12.3 NS
 Above UL 0.0 0.0 0.0 #
  1. P significance, NS not significant (P > 0.05)
  2. # – P cannot be calculated when percentage is 0.0