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Table 1 Macronutrient intake in the studied children from Piła according to gender

From: Gender differences and typical nutrition concerns of the diets of preschool children – the results of the first stage of an intervention study

Nutrient Reference values Girls
(n = 61)
Boys
(n = 61)
All children
(n = 122)
P
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Total protein (g) body weight dependent 42.7 8.8 46.7 10.3 44.7 9.7 0.022
Total protein (g/kg body weight) 0.84a 2.1 0.4 2.3 0.5 2.2 0.5 0.021
Animal protein (g) NA 28.0 7.8 31.2 8.8 29.6 8.4 NS
Animal protein (% of total protein) NA 64.9 6.9 66.0 6.6 65.4 6.7 NS
Plant protein (g) NA 14.7 3.1 15.5 3.2 15.1 3.2 NS
Plant protein (% of total protein) NA 35.0 6.9 34.0 6.6 34.5 6.7 NS
Total fat (g) NA 53.6 13.1 57.0 12.2 55.3 12.7 NS
Saturated fatty acids (g) NA 22.51 5.71 24.93 5.78 23.72 5.85 0.011
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (g) NA 6.18 1.96 6.28 1.79 6.23 1.87 NS
Monounsaturated fatty acids (g) NA 21.21 5.93 21.95 5.13 21.58 5.53 NS
Cholesterol (mg) <300 188 54 198 55 193 54 NS
Total carbohydrates (g) NA 202.5 36.6 220.4 40.3 211.4 39.3 0.012
Available carbohydrates (g) 130b 192.4 34.7 209.8 38.7 201.1 37.6 0.010
Lactose (g) NA 14.0 8.5 15.9 7.9 14.9 8.2 0.051
Sucrose (g) NA 70.5 18.3 82.2 23.1 76.3 21.6 0.002
Starch (g) NA 88.0 19.1 90.3 21.3 89.1 20.2 NS
Dietary fibre (g) 14c 10.2 (10.5d) 2.7 (0.3e) 10.6 (10.1d) 2.8 (0.4e) 10.4 (10.4d) 2.7 (0.2e) NS
Total water (g) 1600c 1242 (1227d) 223 (29e) 1281 (1242d) 259 (33e) 1262 (1238d) 241 (22e) 0.048
  1. P significance, NA not available, NS not significant (P > 0.05)
  2. aEAR, bRDA, cAI, dmedian, estandard error